They guide the interrelationships between individuals and also enhance development. They need not be confused because they have a different meaning. Governments usually develop policies that are implemented under…
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According to Williams, law includes the codes of conducts that are developed and made obligatory by the authority for every member of the society or a particular group, state or community (p 51). The state sets punishments that are meted on individuals who contravene the codes of conduct. Laws are supposed to be adhered to regardless of their ethical connotation. A law abiding citizen enjoys his/her freedom regardless of whether the laws are suppressive. In other words, development of state laws is independent of the ethics. Ethics on the other hand is concerned with human behavior. It is about how people conduct themselves in the presence or absence of others. Tingle and Cribb view ethics as the moral values against which humans evaluate behavior (p 66). Generally, humans evaluate ethical behavior on the basis of doing to others what they would like to be done to them. This means that if a person hurts another, that is unethical because he/she would not like the same to occur to him/her. In contrast, the law seeks to protect the rights of individuals and the general public based on a common understanding of what is good for them. For example, a government sets laws to protect the rights and freedoms of its citizens, which may not be granted in another state.
An officer in the public service is a servant of the state and hence the government. He/she is required to demonstrate professional ethics while undertaking his/her duties. On the other hand, he is obligated to the statutory duties that surpass his/her moral background. He/she is supposed to perform his/her duties according to the laws that govern the particular field. For example in some states, a parent who is convicted of dealing or using illegal drugs is denied parenting rights. The child or children are adopted as the parent serves the prison sentence. The judge who takes away parenting rights is guided by the
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The relevant classical statement suggests that all adults “of sound mind” have the right to decide “what shall be done with” their bodies and any doctor who “performs an operation without his patient’s consent commits an assault”.3 In general, the principle of autonomy under UK law holds that when a patient refuses to submit to a recommended course of treatment, the attending physician is required to respect the patient’s decision unless it can be proven that the patient lacks legal competency.4 Thus the underlying right to autonomy depends on legal competency.
Ethics is widely accepted as a branch of philosophy that concentrates on query of morality all the way through a group of behavioral strategies and guidelines. Generally, difference in material backgrounds such as personality, society, economic backgrounds, culture, language and religion often make the atmosphere unpredictable and undergoes some unnecessary conflicts among the people.
It is about the moral duty of an individual pegged on certain circumstances. Some examples of the right theory include the Divine Command and the pure reason. 2. What is the connectivity between Kant and the right theories? Any rational person upon understanding the moral law that exist in every human agent and upon looking at the world will know a priori that morality is universally necessary.
To what degree would this exclude “other purposes”? According to the Vatican declaration on sexual ethics, sexual activities between people should possess the moral justification for such act. The moral justification in these cases is adopted from the statement of Aquinas, which establishes that there has to be teleology or finality as espoused by the moral discourses.
He believes that just like humans, animals are also entitled to the enjoyment of their rights. They need to be treated with equality just as humans treat themselves. In trying to provide the justifications by humans of why they believe they possess more rights than animals, Singer provides a criterion that he calls simple membership in the family of Homo sapiens.
Scholars argue that "business as usual attitude" is misleading and contradicting to any business and results in failure of the enterprise.
Lack of sound ethical leadership and morality has resulted in the collapse of huge organization such as Enron and Andersen.
This research paper studies the fundamental principles of Islamic law. It provides details about how these principles help to influence the criminal justice system of Muslim countries. Finally the paper makes comparisons of Islamic law with American
ly about because the elderly have begun to lose their voices and right to be heard because the younger generation deems them feeble and incapable of caring for themselves. Although parts of that belief may be true, the caregiver has no right to gossip or use any information they
In addition to that, the various ethical issues will also be determined. Finally, it will explore the implications that these ethical and legal issues may have on the enrolled nurse, registered nurse and the family of the patient. Each aspect will be independently