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Secondary energy most often originates from primary source or sometimes comes from an external system (Badin F., Briat O., Olivier S., Jeanneret B., Trugue R., Malaquin B., October 2004).
Hybrid vehicles are not a modern invention. Hybrid technology has been in use since the 20th century. The first diesel motor ship, which is also called the first diesel electric ship, was launched in 1903, and Russian Tanker Vandal had been using hybrid technology since then. Another modern example of hybrid ship propulsion is electric motors mounted in pods, called azimuth thrusters, which allow for 360o rotation of thrust. There are also diesel-electric trains developed in 1920’s, used for moving trains around railway yards. These hybrid vehicles get significant importance due to simplification of power transmission as well as usage of multiple motors and electricity that reduce maintenance cost.
Convention Cars: A traditional or conventional car, unlike a hybrid car, lacks an electrical motor to assist engine to make power during crisis time. Convention cars have just one source of energy and there is no second source. Because there is no assistance of an electrical motor in convention cars, hybrid cars are more fuel efficient and produce fewer emissions.
Hybrid Cars: Hybrid car is the most common application of hybrid technology. The first introduced hybrid motor vehicle was a bicycle equipped with helper motors. These were known as mopeds. VeloSoleX is an example of mopeds. An example of the most modern application is the human electric hybrid vehicles which consist of a drive train i.e. a human being, generator or an electric motor, and an energy accumulator or battery. It has the same characteristics of a hybrid bicycle with enhanced acceleration and innovation of regenerative braking.
An example of hybrid vehicle is “TWIKE” which was designed to carry cargo and two passengers. It can be driven either in electric mode or electric and
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Introduction 1 (par.1) There are several green products that have impacts on not only the consumers, but also on the environment at large. One of such products is the hybrid car. In order to understand the usefulness of the hybrid cars and their benefit to the consumers and the environment, it becomes pertinent to explain what hybrid cars are.
An evaluation of fossil fuel, hybrid energies (alternative fuel) as compared to conventional fuel Of the more conventional energy source, the hydroelectricity is the most desired because of its numerous benefits over the fossil fuels. Although the cost of production may be more than the traditional fuels, especially the start-up costs, in the long run, it is a cheap source of energy.
Technology and humankind are inseparable. Scholars depict that the rate of technological advancement, precisely in the United States, has had a significant influence on many industries. For instance, the change noted in the automobile industry is vast.
Advertising, which is currently used in marketing, has had changes and it has become free with only advertisers trying to come up with strategies to stay on top of the competition. Marketing has to be considered by the companies selling products or services because consumers or customers have become scarce resources.
Out of these 28 emerging nations, India and China head the list (Li, 2008). Apart from the growth in their economies, these economies have also experienced transition from agrarian to service economies and not only their economies but their culture is also getting exposure throughout the world.
Around 5% of the global workforce is directly or indirectly employed in industry. The global financial crisis struck the automotive industry right from its commencement, with an overwhelming effect. The
The early improvement of sun-powered advancement started in 1860’s and was determined by the assumptions that natural occurrence of coal will get utilized and will become rare. Nonetheless, improvement of sun oriented innovations stagnated in the early twentieth century notwithstanding the expanding accessibility, economy, and utility of coal and petroleum.
as Nano-operations are already in place, brain computer interfaces would provide more control to major operations both at domestic and industrial level without actual physical movements. Research carried out at Duke University gave an illustration on how different minds from
China has become an emerging market in the recent past, and its impact has been felt global. The rapid development of the China market has been noticed even by the developed countries and kept them on toes lest China overtakes them economically. The emerging market is predicted to grow three times faster than the already developed countries.
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