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This follows into the older model of competitive advantage for organizations; mergers and acquisitions. The paper concludes by evaluating the economics of each mode and understanding its need for businesses in the international arena.
The confusion around globalization makes it harder to concretely define the term itself. In many cases, it is the prominent catchphrase for describing the process of international economic integration’ (Scholte, 2005, 16). In the context of the argument presented in this paper, globalization is viewed as an amalgamation of liberalization, universalization and westernization. Hence, it could be defined as the process of removing restrictions on movements between countries, creating a synthesis of cultures and spreading experiences to people in all corners of the world (Scholte, 2005).
The birth of trade can be traced back to the time of the barter system – entities trading goods with one another, each valuing the other’s item equivalent to their own by a certain numerical degree, i.e. 1 is to 1, or 1 is to 10. With time, as trade expanded to larger volumes, the basic concept of valuation remained embedded in certain form.
Inter-industry trade, where one country tends to export one good and import a wholly different type of good, is dominantly explained by comparative advantage. Prior to this concept, Adam Smith in 1766 proposed the theory of absolute advantage for international trade, where a country exports products that are produced cheaply compared to trading partners, and imports products produced more expensively. Hence, each country would hold absolute advantage in a product over the other. David Ricardo in 1817 brought about a different insight claiming international trade depends on opportunity costs (prices of one good expressed in terms of amount of other good needed to forego in order to purchase it) (Tayeb, 2000).
Like other classical political economists, Ricardo’s
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The main factors that led to alliances in the corporate world are globalization and fierce competition from their adversaries. Corporate cooperation was not witnessed in the entire business world, but with firms that experienced dynamic changes on the markets of their products, such as telecommunications and the motor industry in the period of 1980s.
This strategy assists a growing company to expand rapidly without initiating new business entities. The two terms, ‘mergers’ and ‘acquisitions’ are conceptually different from one another. The term merger is a financial tool by which two or more companies are joined together on the strength of its mutual consent.
The absence of trade restrictions has led to business organizations expanding their footprints beyond geographical and political boundaries to reach out to new market with considerable potential. The saturation of the traditional markets in Europe and US and emergence of new markets in Asia have also led to considerable expansion plans.
Title -Acquisition and Mergers.The industry chosen in this paper is the health care industry in USA that has seen many mergers and acquisitions in recent times. Many big health care units are combing up with the local firms to reduce their cost and increase manpower at the same time.
A number of factors have become considered before a firm can decide whether outsourcing is the right path for the firm to take.o many organizations the objective of outsourcing is to improve the company’s financial competitiveness, majorly through reduction of costs.
As the report declares the era of globalization has opened up a new chapter in the history of business organizations. The absence of trade restrictions has led to business organizations expanding their footprints beyond geographical and political boundaries to reach out to new market with considerable potential.
Lastly, stiff competition in the market forces the management to adjust their approach to management in the competitive technological business.
The management at HP will utilize Palm Inc’s innovative platform in