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The system of governance adopted by the Japanese was influenced by the Chinese system of government. The Imperial Court of the Japan was based on the working of the Imperial Court which existed in the ancient Chinese culture. The ranks and titles in the bureaucracy were structured around the Chinese pattern. Although numerous Japanese rulers during the sixth and seventh century included the Chinese system in their governing system, Prince Shotoku was prominent among them, as he was more inclined towards a complete adoption of Chinese system. “Prince Shotoku a major political figure at that time, was credited with formally adopting major elements of Chinese culture, including Buddhism and Confucianism, as well as the system of government and calendar.” (Hong, 2000). The Chinese system of governance was based on the ideals of Confucianism. As Confucianism had already entered Japan and influenced the religious beliefs and attitudes of the Japanese people, the Japanese aimed to incorporate the Confucian ideals in their governing system. During the Tokugawa period, Confucianism influenced the working of the political organizations of the country.
The Japanese adopted the Chinese system of government but they also placed all the administrative powers in the hand of the emperor. The final decision regarding governing policies rested with the emperor. Along with bureaucratic policies, Japanese also followed the Chinese system while planning their cities and irrigation system. The Chinese style of architecture was adopted by the Japanese while building their temples and monasteries. The cities in Japan resembled Chinese cities in various ways, as both of them were built following a similar pattern. This period saw a strong Chinese pattern to the government, Chinese style buildings with tile roofs, Chinese writing, and expansion of Buddhism throughout Japan. Japanese ancient capitals in the 18th
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2. Yome means a Bride or daughter-in-law in Japanese or a more polite term would be ‘oyome-san’. As per tradition, the bride would join the groom’s family, instead of the other way around. 3. The word Yoshi generally means ‘alright’ in order to continue a particular conversation.
Feeling secure and impenetrable from wars fought with the buffer of two oceans and thousands of miles, most Americans never imagined a war in their own backyard, let alone a direct attack on a military base on United States soil. The focus of my research will provide insight into the Japanese relocation and internment, the damage this relocation had on the Japanese-Americans psyche post-internment, and how the events of the Pearl Harbor attack shaped the Japanese in California.
Japanese traditional customs coexist with the technological boom. Moreover, Japanese culture is quite rich. Japan is particularly known for her food, the royalty of Samurai, sexuality and unique standards of ethics for both men and women. In order to study this rich culture in detail, it is imperative that we begin from the Edo period (now Tokyo) because most of the Japanese culture was introduced in the 18th century by the government of Tokugawa Bukufu.
The poor peasants of Japan’s rural areas as well as the samurai feudal lords who wanted to have guns and profits from the traders, got attracted to Christianity that spread its wing slowly under the leadership of Jesuit missionaries (Pettitt, n.d., 50).
On the home front, young men rushed to enlist, people rationed food and gasoline to send it to the boys “over there,” and the country pulled together in an effort to win the war. However, not every American got the opportunity. Some of them were rounded up and placed in secure locations where they could not leave.
In the public and formal areas, women had no whatsoever place in the Japanese society. According to Gail (pp.25), women were entitled to stay in their homes and exclusively act as mere caregivers to their children and husbands.
As a function of understanding such a construct, this brief analysis will analyze the historical roots of bushido as well as trace some of the ways that bushido has and to a large part continues to impact upon Japanese society and the
The ruling elite and powerful clans during Nara and Meiji era claimed lineage from gods that made Japan and therefore, commanded distinct authority. However, Japan later plunged into civil war and anarchy. The circumstance facilitated a feudal society. After which, Japan embarked on a reunification process that created great stability and peace.
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