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In this context, some cases will be described and analyzed, in order to understand the law’s influence on the reality.
One of the most important acts that protects the copyright holders in Canada is the Copyright Act. In terms of this Act, “a work or other subject-matter is not deemed to be published or performed in public or communicated to the public by telecommunication if that act is done without the consent of the owner of the copyright.”1 This Act applies to literary or textual works: books, pamphlets, poems, computer programs, dramatic works: films, videos, plays, screenplays and scripts, musical works: compositions consisting of both words and music, or music only (lyrics without music are considered literary works), artistic works: paintings, drawings, maps, photographs, and sculptures, architectural works, (section 2) performer’s performances (section 15); broadcast communication signals (section 21); and sound recordings such as records, cassettes and CDs (section 18). The positive character of this act is that any work which has been created or written becomes automatically protected from the first moment of its existence. Moreover, the Copyright Act also protects the moral rights of the author. In spite of this, the Copyright Act does have some weak points, such as for example the stipulation included in Section 29, allowing usage of protected works without proper authorization in purpose of “research or private study… by an educational institution, library, archive or museum, or person acting under its authority”.
Internationally speaking, Canada is a party of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 1886. Canada has also signed but not yet ratified both the WIPO Copyright Treaty of 1996 and the WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty of 1996.
In USA, the most outstanding legislative act that protects
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Ageism and age discrimination are different from each other,as ageism is application of assumed age –based group distinctiveness to an person,regardless of individual‘s actual personal character.However age discrimination refers to the rough ‘age proxies’ in personal decisions in regards to selecting,hiring,discharging,promotion,transfer,training and mandatory training
The respondent sued the Appellants in 2008 on allegations of failing to abide by the non-competition terms. The hearing judge granted the respondent a preliminary injunction seeking to enforce the non-competition accord, but formed a ‘Restricted Territory’ that was not present in the earlier agreement. Before the transaction turned out to become a legal suit, there were steps the management of Rector could have taken to prevent it.
Would this action not affect other stakeholders of DOA? What impact would this action have on Nouv and QP? Is the process of forming a contract with the DOA on the types of products and customers that QP and DOA will manufacture and sell unethical? Will their businesses flourish and not create problems in terms of liability and regulations?
The ECHR also attempted to create a balance between the interests of society at large and protection of the fundamental rights of individuals in democratic countries. The HR Act 1998 gave binding effect to ECHR in the United Kingdom and thus allowed disputes regarding the rights in the Conventions to be brought under the purview of the courts in the United Kingdom.
While industrialisation has its positive aspects of generating revenues, offering employment opportunities and raising standards of living of people; it also leads to depletion of scarce energy resources, seriously
to the constitutionalization of the federal governments authority to support "Progress of Science and useful Arts" via copyright law, provisos for derivative infringement, and fair use requirements. In disparity, Canadian copyright law does not constitutionalize provision
iples which must be obeyed and followed by citizens, subject to sanctions or legal consequences” (Cheeseman 25). The concept of law is complex and is based upon the fundamentals of common and civil law. Both of these laws are essential in the American court system, and will
The member states had their own national rules and regulations. These rules governed areas that were to be modified under the new European Community Laws. The European Community Laws modified these national laws through the regulation of the economy and this