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A brief account of the advantages and challenges in adopting and implementing Lean is illustrated. Overall, the paper draws information based on existing literature and research related to Lean manufacturing.
According to Hill (cited by Brown, p.7), ‘The production/operations management (POM) task is concerned with the transformation process which takes inputs and converts them into outputs, together with the various support functions closely associated with this basic task.’ Such transformation processes are mainly applied to materials, customers and information. Brown (p.8) describes that Production Management encompasses the most vital activities of production, beginning from and including, planning and design, production processes of goods and services, and also effective integration of marketing, finance, human resources management and strategy in order to enable a business to enter and compete with both new and existing markets. One important aspect of improving efficiency is elimination of waste and/or non-value-adding activities; this not only improves efficiency by saving costs, it also saves immense time and labor. The ‘Lean Methodology’ constitutes this aspect of production management, performed through a set of principles and methodologies (Keller, p.262).
Lean methodology/manufacturing is a Japanese invention, and has been widely accepted in most of the manufacturing industries throughout the world. Its application in the service industry emerged later. Although its main focus is improvement of efficiency, different organizations adopt distinct approaches within lean system to achieve this. Although Lean methodology focuses on elimination of wastes, the reference to ‘waste’ differs in every manufacturing unit and industry type. Hence, adopting a uniform approach may not be feasible in all situations. In order to meet different needs of different industries, various lean systems or
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If Ford and Taylor provided the concept of production line and its efficiency Toyota Motors perfected it. Toyota production system has been used as a model by countless manufacturing companies because of its success in ensuring quality along the production line while maintaining efficiency.
This is because the production system was first invented and implemented in the Toyota Motor Company. After Toyota has been successful with the production system, many companies and factories became interested with the system which was then renamed Lean production system.
Lean Manufacturing.The lean manufacturing company has managed to improve the efficacy in allocation in different ways. Lean is a production practice which are renowned for considering various expenditures of certain resources for the objectives of creating of value to their reliable customers to be somehow of a wasteful, and then targets for the elimination.
The inefficiency in the current transport networks in the recent years have largely disrupted business operations by leading to a lot of time being wasted at transport terminals, on the roads and the various distribution channels. This has created a necessity for improving the transport logistics in order to enable companies to reduce production costs and make the transport system more environment friendly.
One of the supply chain strategies that Starbuck has embraced is lean thinking. Lean thinking is a customer oriented approach that is aimed at developing environmentally sensitive goods with a minimum release of waste. Starbuck has applied lean thinking as part of its supply chain management to minimize cost, achieve service efficiency and increase customer satisfaction.
The increasing demand of consumers for the most useful products and services that has motivated industry players to find the best practice of manufacturing. Among these practices include lean manufacturing. Compared to many other business philosophies, lean manufacturing/operation can be one with the most advantages.
1. As a first step, I suggest that two or more processes could be combined to save time and improve quality, or that the entire process needs to be revamped and new management techniques and processes could be introduced that are not
This has put manufacturing processes in high stress to survive in the international competition. In manufacturing processes, there is high requirement for development of new processes, workflows and workplaces which would generate
This results in causing a disturbance in the status quo and hence change is required to develop a new momentum state of equilibrium in the organization (Harris and Raviv, 2002).
Change objectives include reflecting coordination amongst the