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Obama was likely to bring the ray of hope for the people of America. But for Obama it was a test of all his managerial and leadership skills. One of the major challenges that newly became president faced was making policies for Afghanistan. But before discussing Obama’s Afghanistan policy in detail it is very important to have a clear idea about the major incidents in Afghanistan over the past few years and how intensely America is associated with Afghanistan.
After 9/11 America got itself directly involved in the biggest war against terrorism in Afghanistan as the country believed that Osama Bin Laden was the master mind behind 9/11. Laden was the founder of terrorist group Al Qaeda and was hiding in Afghanistan where he got support from Taliban. Thousands of US troops were deployed in Afghanistan with the objective of defeating Taliban and Al-Qaeda by catching Osama Bin Laden and other leaders of Al Qaeda and Taliban. On December 07, 2001 Kandahar which was a Taliban stronghold fell down and Bin Laden along with Mullah Mohammed Omar who was a Taliban leader escaped. On December 16 Tora Bora, the mountain cave where Taliban and Al Qaeda took shelter, also fell down. An interim government of six month was formed in Afghanistan and Hamid Karzai, was selected as the chairman of this government. In 2002 Karzai was elected as president of Afghanistan, although other Afghan factions were not happy regarding this. But on January 04, 2004 they all agreed on a constitution which made the way for elections (Guardian, A chronology of events in Afghanistan since the attacks of September 11 2001).
Finally in October presidential election took place and in November Karzai was declared to be the winner. In the meanwhile international community was providing financial aid with the purpose of rebuilding the country. Despite of falling of most of the Taliban and Al Qaeda strongholds, several small and medium scale attacks were made from their end on
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Still continuing at present, the US- initiated conflicts beg the question on whether or not the United States should still continue on sending its troops to both countries and conflicts. The war in Afghanistan and Iraq is perceived as questionable and challengeable in several grounds by the international community, the Afghan and Iraqi population, and even by American citizens themselves.
The United States began its political and military operations in Afghanistan in October 2001 following the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the US soil. The US has an imperative national security interest in the present and probable security threats posed by terrorists in Afghanistan.
After the 9/11 New York terrorist attacks, the US government made a resolve, in 2001, on going to war with the terrorists group linked to the attacks in an attempt to eliminate terrorism and secure her borders from future terror threat. The tenth amendment on the US constitution permits the government to use force.
It was passed into law in 2010 by the incumbent president of the United States. This was after futile attempts by the previous administrations in making significant reforms in the US. This is positivity concerning the health sector, as it will enhance the provision of services in the health sector (Maglione, 2011).
In light of all we know regarding Afghanistan after nearly eight years, it shows solid ground for President Obama to direct the United States to pull out of Afghanistan is because the public is exhausted of war.
There was also a great expectation of a major change in US foreign policy. However, career diplomats, treaties, and trade agreements have helped to add stability to our foreign policy across time and presidents. US foreign policy is slow to change, as its deliberate process sometimes demands the involvement of numerous departments as well as the US Congress.
Despite the motivational messages by the President, his decision to send a further 30000 troops in Afghanistan (The White House Blog 2009)has left many wondering if the decision would really wrap up the war or prove as another burden to the economy.
This paper evaluates the US drug policies in Colombia and Afghanistan and compares and contrasts the two approaches. Ultimately, it will be argued that although influenced by entirely different policy agendas, the US’s primary concern was for safeguarding the safety and security of Americans, both at home and abroad.
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