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AED (Automated External Defibrillator) and their need in the community - Research Proposal Example

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Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) include coronary heart disease (CHD), cerebrovascular disease, high blood pressure (HBP), peripheral artery disease, rheumatic heart disease, congenital heart disease and heart failure. The primary cause of CHD is by blockage that prevents blood…
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AED (Automated External Defibrillator) and their need in the community
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Download file to see previous pages Of these, 7.6 million were due to CHD. It has been estimated that by 2015, approximately 20 million people will die from cardiovascular disease (World Health Organization).
80,700,000 Americans suffer from CVD. 73,000,000 have HBP, 16,000,000 have CHD, 5,300,000 suffer from heart failure, and 650,000-1,300,000 have congenital cardiovascular defects. In the age group 20-39 less than 20 percent of the population suffer from CVD. 39 percent of the population in the age group 40-59 suffer from some form of CVD. More than 70 percent of the population in the age group 60-79 suffer from some form of CVD. More than 80 percent of the population over 80 years suffer from some form of CVD. CVD accounted for 869,724 of all 2,397,615 deaths in 2004. Approximately 250,000 deaths result from heart attacks annually. It has been estimated that the annual incidence of heart attack is 600,000 new attacks and 320,000 recurrent attacks. More than 148,000 were under 65. 2,400 Americans die of CVD each day. 310,000 deaths occur out-of-hospital or in hospital emergency departments. Statistics show that an American will suffer a coronary event every 26 seconds, and about every minute someone will die from one. 38 percent of the people experiencing a coronary attack in a given year will die. 82 percent of people dying of CHD are 65 years or older. CHD caused one in five deaths among Americans in 2004. More people died from CVD than from Cancer in 2004. CVD ranked highest among disease categories in hospital discharges in 2005. Life expectancy would increase by seven years if all forms of CVD were eliminated ("Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics" 1-40).
According to the World Health Organization, deaths by heart attacks are preventable. CPR and defibrillation within the first few minutes after collapse, followed by advanced care can result in high survival rates. 20,000 lives could be saved annually by the use of Automated External ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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