Nobody downloaded yet

Terrorism in the Middle East - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Gilles Kepel, "Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam". London: I. B. Tauris & Co. Ltd., 2002. (Originally published in French as "Jihad: Expansion et Declin de l'Islamisme", Editions Gallimard, 2000. Translated into English by Anthony F. Roberts.)
Gilles Kepel is one of the world's foremost experts on the current Middle East…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.8% of users find it useful
Terrorism in the Middle East
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Terrorism in the Middle East"

Download file to see previous pages The author has also held tenure as visiting professor at New York University and Columbia University.
In the author's own words, the " purpose of the book is to shed light on the second effect [of 9/11that of mobilizing the support of Muslims the world over through an example of victory won by violence], by placing these recent events in a historical perspective that covers the unfolding of the Islamic movement over the last twenty five years of the twentieth century" (page 2). The author expands on this theme by suggesting that the terrorist act of September 11, 2001 had at its core the primary aim of engendering solidarity amongst Muslims. It was presumed by the perpetrators, that an attack on the very symbols of US supremacy would surely invite military action resulting in unacceptable civilian casualties in the target country, [in this case Afghanistan], leading to a collective sense of outrage in the Muslim world. The perpetrators of the act hoped, that this would give impetus to the Jihad (Holy War) which was running out of steam.
The last quarter of the twentieth century saw the radicalization of Islam in the form of Islamic Political Movements. From the early 1970s, radical factions in various countries revolted against the incumbent regimes and, in some cases, seized power thereby upsetting the prevailing world order leading to regional instability. In the early days, the aim of Jihad was not to wage war against the West, but to establish a global Islamic state, with the Koran as its fountainhead (page 27). During those initial days of the Islamic Political Movement, religious ideology proved to be an excellent binding factor, bringing together people from all walks of life - from students to professionals, urban poor and well settled bourgeoisie under one banner (page 67). However, as Kepel points out, Islamic Fundamentalists do not subscribe to the concept of separation of religion (Church) and political power (State). It is these fundamentalist factions that are propagating Jihad with terrorism as its manifestation wherever Western nations have in the past dominated on account of their conventional superiority.

This trend according to the author has its roots in Afghanistan and the Sudan. After the initial success of Islamic radicals in Iran, Radical Islamic Movements failed to seize political power elsewhere. Even in Afghanistan (post the Soviet withdrawal) and in Sudan, Islamists could not consolidate their gains and the situation in both countries slipped into chaos and anarchy. This failure led to a split. The moderates wanted to develop new concepts of democracy in sync with Muslim ideology. The fundamentalists of the other hand, for whom the Koran itself was unquestionable, gravitated towards large-scale terrorist attacks across the world. What Kepels brings out is that contrary to popular belief, far from being a 'clash of civilizations' [as propounded by Huntington], the targeting of the West is only a tool being used by radical terrorist factions to gain political power over their fellow Muslims. This is a very unique and original hypothesis expounded by the author. In this context the author brings out that the "attack on ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Terrorism in the Middle East Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Terrorism in the Middle East Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531185-terrorism-in-the-middle-east
(Terrorism in the Middle East Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
Terrorism in the Middle East Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531185-terrorism-in-the-middle-east.
“Terrorism in the Middle East Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/miscellaneous/1531185-terrorism-in-the-middle-east.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Terrorism in the Middle East

Middle East Politics

...?Middle East Politics The intrinsic relationship between religion and politics is greatly exposed by the developments in the Middle Eastern Politics and it is widely accepted that religious ideologies have been the basic factors affecting political ideologies in the region. There has been a long-lasting conflict in the Middle Eastern Politics between the ideology of Arab nationalism and the ideology of Islamic revival, which has incongruously added fuel on to the burning fire in the politics of this region. Significantly, the ideology of Arab nationalism was developed in the 1950s and 60s under the leadership of Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt and the Ba’ath Parties of Syria...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

EU&Middle East

...?The Key International Trading Factors Between The European Union And The Middle East Today, the European Union (EU) is the world’s biggest trader and one of the most significant organizations on the global economic stage. Each year the EU concludes a number of bilateral and multilateral agreements with several countries and regions around the world, spending approximately a billion Euros a month in assistance projects in all five continents. While the majority of the European countries were organized under the label of EU for the integration of the European region, there are significant cultural differences between European countries, which makes political integration a more difficult and complicated...
12 Pages(3000 words)Essay

Middle East Hisory

...of Palestine of 1922 was borne out of the colonial designs of the British and French on the Middle East. Britain acquired Palestine, the Transjordan and Iraq, while France got Syria. It also embodied the promises these two European powers made to the Arabs and the Zionists, which eventually led to conflict. British encouragement of Zionist actions during the early years of the mandate led to increasing conflict between the Jewish immigrants and their Arab neighbors. As the Second World War loomed and the British recognized the importance of Arab support, they shifted their favors towards the Arabs at the expense of the Jewish communities who were now concentrated in fortified strongholds. As violence...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Would increasing U.S. economic aid in the [Middle East] region diminish support for terrorism and anti-American sentiment

... Would increasing US economic aid in the Middle East region diminish support for terrorism and anti-American sentiment? Pros Foreign aid to countries has a high likelihood of creating opportunities of acceptance of new ideas thereby functioning as a legal bribe. This foreign aid can function to equip people economically and divert their attention from terrorism. Therefore, the more the aid the more people are won to antiterrorism side. This aid is not only for the benefit of terrorism efforts but also for the secured interests in the Middle East Region oil reserves. Increased economic aid will mean good living standards d for the people in this region that will create a more solid foundation for the desired effects. It will lead... to...
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper

Middle east

...Middle East Water has been considered a major factor that has contributed to the conflict between the Israelis and the Palestinians. Although oil andscarcity of land has been attributed to the conflict, water remains to root cause of the conflict. Since the creation of the Israeli state, conflicts between the Palestinians have concentrated on Gaza and West Bank (Gabbay, 2004). The main reason why Israel has maintained disputed settlements in Gaza and West Bank is the need to control water resource in the region. The Middle East and North Africa are the driest regions in the world despite having massive oil resources. Middle East is a desert region and thus it receives less than 250 mm of rainfall annually. Israel is characterized... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Middle east

...Music s Music of 18th century The 18th and 19th century holds a rich history of music, as it produced great composers and gave a boost to classical music and opera. In the 18th century, Germany was known for its high quality of music, and the most prominent names were Bach, Handel, Beethoven, Schumann and Hindemith. These composers adopted Italian expression and virtuosity, combined it with the grace of French and German characteristics in order. In the history of music, Classical period was from the year 1750 till 1830 and Romantic era was from 1804-1949. Haydn and Baroque are known for Classical music, as for Beethoven and Brahms, they are known as the composers of the Romanic period (Steel, 1986). The most prominent composers... s Music of ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Middle east

...Effects of Gas/Oil Production of the Middle East over the Past 50 Years Some of the main oil producers in the Middle East include Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Iran. Oil production is said to run almost everything and the production endeavors of these three nations has greatly influenced their success for the last couple of decades (Stevens 6). In these three countries, for instance, the countries has seen an improvement in their international relations with some of the most influential countries of the world such the United States, Britain, Germany and Russia among others. Russia, in particular, has made huge investments in Saudi Arabia to ensure that the future of oil...
1 Pages(250 words)Admission/Application Essay

Middle east

...of the IS from a less influential Islamist group to the backbone of the so called ‘Islamic Caliphate’ proves its influence among the people in the Middle East. To be specific, this group exploited the political and military vacuum in the Iraqi-Syrian border areas. One can see that the Syrian Civil War weakened the Syrian government and helped the IS to control a number of cities. This was helpful for this group to intrude into the internal politics of Syria. The International Monetary Fund, Middle East and Central Asia Department stated that, “Islamic State (IS) militants consolidated their control over regions in the north and west and the border with Syria” (19)....
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper

Sources of Middle East terrorism. How and why did Isis form

...How and why did ISIS form? The Islamic of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) is a terrorist organization, which has establisheditself in both Iraqi and Syrian territory and is considered, especially in the west, as a serious global security threat. The ability of this organization to establish itself as a power to be reckoned with in the Middle East has created a situation where it is able to command the loyalty of thousands of adherents as well as recruit fighters from all over the world. The result has been that ISIS has developed a network that has come to rival terrorist organizations, which have been established longer such as al Qaeda. The power of ISIS has grown over the last three years, especially with the...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Middle East

...Middle East: Women’s Rights and Veiling Practices Muslim women veil for different reasons. Drawing on the articles above, explain two different meanings for veiling. Be sure to provide an explanation of the foundation of each perspective. Why do various interpretations of veiling practices exist? The common meaning regarding veiling assumes a religious basis whereby according to Koran female gender ought to conceal their beauty except to certain people who include husbands and close members (Asser, 2006). Mostly, this to shun those of opposite gender sinning, which is utterly prohibited by Koran thus adherents especially women have no option but to comply (Asser, 2006). This perspective mostly refers to...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Terrorism in the Middle East for FREE!

Contact Us