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NURSING DIAGNOSIS OF EMPHYSEMA, OSTEOPOROSIS AND HYPETENSION - Essay Example

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For a normal healthy person, the air-sacs are surrounded by blood capillaries where oxygen is absorbed into the blood. Toxicants like cigarette smoke getting into the lungs are trapped and cause localized inflammation that can eventually result in alveolar septum disintegrating (septal rapture) and deformation of structure of the lungs…
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NURSING DIAGNOSIS OF EMPHYSEMA, OSTEOPOROSIS AND HYPETENSION
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Download file "NURSING DIAGNOSIS OF EMPHYSEMA, OSTEOPOROSIS AND HYPETENSION" to see previous pages... Emphysema happens mostly in patients with reduced alpha 1- anti-trypsin (A1AT) levels. Alpha 1 anti-trypsin deficiency (A1AD) destroys alveolar tissues. Smoking reduces A1AT to greater extend and cause emphysema
People at this stage of life are recovering from middle adulthood and experience Despair versus Integrity.
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The basic strength at this age is wisdom. Those who lived up to their dreams in life usually enjoy good memories and this is what is identified as integrity.
Having failed to achieve better life and bearing in mind the situation of the patient's aliments, the patient is not able to find her true self to develop her personal ego as expected of her age. She may not develop wisdom
This is evidenced by the patient's ailments which appear like co morbidity of several disease conditions or a cascade of ailments. she had suffered osteoporosis for 8 years, emphysema for 12 years, hyperlipidemia for 5 years and hypertension for 15 years
keeping pain diary to assist in identification of irritating and ease factors on pain, assisted the patient in selecting best management strategy and acknowledge and recognize patients past experience (Green 2007)
Aggrenox one (200mg) tablet twice a day, Coreg 3.125 mg per oral administration twice a day and Cozaar 50mg per oral administration everyday to reduce high blood pressure. ...
Treatment
Open (bronchial ventilation) by suction or giving medication that reduce secretions, acid base management techniques and use of medication.

keeping pain diary to assist in identification of irritating and ease factors on pain, assisted the patient in selecting best management strategy and acknowledge and recognize patients past experience (Green 2007)


Medication
Aggrenox one (200mg) tablet twice a day, Coreg 3.125 mg per oral administration twice a day and Cozaar 50mg per oral administration everyday to reduce high blood pressure. Administer Acetaminophen 650mg six hours interval to relive mild pain and reduce fever. Ipratropium Bromide two puffs twice a day to reduce allergic reactions and secretions as well as for brocho-dilatation

Diet
3. The patient to be put on a steady diet with more calcium and vitamin D and also carry out exercises to strengthen the back. Referred the patient to osteoporosis support.




Pr
Assessment
Functional Health Patterns
Nursing Diagnosis
1
The patient has intermittent sleep patterns only able to tolerate with HOB up in high fowler position.
The patient has suffered osteoporosis for the past 8 years, multiple admission for pneumonia. Osteoporosis causes a lot of skeleton-muscular pain because the bones gradually weaken and any slight strain on the body structure is very painful(Green 2007)
The functional health patterns are identified as;

1. Sleep-Rest Patterns

2. Sensory Perception Patterns

Psychological Nursing diagnosis
the patient experienced stress and anxiety

Physiological Nursing Diagnosis
The patient experienced disturbed sleeping patterns and Ineffective airway clearance

In relation to

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