Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The research paper 'An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV' presents the results of a study of the effectiveness of the treatment of HIV infection with the anti-virus drug Raltegravir, also known as MK-0518, aimed at inhibiting the integration of human immunodeficiency virus type 1…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER95.1% of users find it useful
An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV"

Download file to see previous pages The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a disease caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus HIV and is characterized by profound immuno-suppression with associated opportunistic infections, malignancies, wasting, and central nervous system degeneration. Scientists have ascertained two types of this virus. The principal cause of AIDS worldwide is HIV-1. HIV-2 is dominantly found in West Africa. HIV fits into the retrovirus family of viruses. (Bullock and Henze, 2000)
The modes of HIV transmission have been well identified and have remained unchanged throughout the history of this disease. HIV is transmitted from one person to another through: (1) sexual relations with an infected person; Worldwide, 75% to 85% of HIV infections are transmitted through unprotected sex. (2) sharing in the use of hypodermic needles or accidental pricking by a needle contaminated with infected blood; and (3) transferring of the virus from an infected mother to her baby during birth or through breast-feeding.
When HIV enters the body, it destroys lymphocytes, specifically CD4+ T cells which are white blood cells of the immune system that exert critical regulatory and effector functions involving both cellular and humoral immunity. The virus commandeers the genetic material of the host cell, instructing the cell to replicate more viruses. The newly-formed viruses rupture free from the host, destroying the cell in the process. The new viruses continue to infect and destroy other lymphocytes. “As a result of these observations, it was not difficult to imagine that HIV-associated immunodeficiency was due to virally mediated destruction of CD4+ T cells” (McGune 2001)
Over a period that may keep going from a few months to up to 15 years, HIV constitutes an attack on the entire immune system, destroying enough lymphocytes making the system unable to function properly. An infected individual develops multiple life-threatening illnesses from infections that normally do not cause illnesses in people with a healthy immune system.  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV Research Paper, n.d.)
An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV Research Paper.
(An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV Research Paper)
An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV Research Paper.
“An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV Research Paper”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV


...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... HIV The issue of drug and HIV has been contentious for a long time. In the recent study, cases of HIV have been on the increase on incarcerated females in a southern state. This paper is going to focus on factors that contribute to spread of the disease and the available theoretical applications to curb the menace. HIV Introduction It is believed that HIV prevalence rates are reported to be higher among female inmates than in male inmates. According to study, Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is currently the leading cause of deaths in female inmates (Levinthal, 2008). In most cases, female inmates are poor with little or no education background and are ...
4 Pages (1000 words) Research Paper


...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... Human Immunodeficiency Virus Introduction Human Immunodeficiency Virus is simply known as HIV. This virus is responsible for Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome, also referred to as AIDs. HIV retrovirus works by infecting the immune system cells. This infection results to the destruction or impairment of the function of the immune system cells. With the progression of the infection, the patient’s immune system grows weaker. This creates room for vulnerability to infections. AIDS is said to be the highest stage of HIV infection since a person with HIV can take 10-15 years prior to the development of AIDS (World Health Organization, 2012). HIV has not had a cure...
4 Pages (1000 words) Research Paper


...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... HIV/AIDS Prevention HIV/AIDS or Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a global concern dueto its outbreak that is present over a large area and its continued spread. Pandemic as it is, there is still no cure for the disease; ARVs (antiretroviral drugs) are made available to slow down the spread of the virus, giving high chances of making the infected person live a close to normal, if not a normal life. This paper is a reflection on the interviews conducted with four individuals: a student, an ordinary employee who used to be a sex worker, a medical professional and an HIV counsellor. The selected individuals are from different walks...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Quest Diagnostics

...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... Quest Diagnostics Table of Contents I. of Chosen Organization 3 II. Purpose of Quality Management, Risk Management in Health Care Organizations, Quest Diagnostics 4 III. Quality. Risk Management Key Concepts in Quest Diagnostics 5 IV. Steps Quest Diagnostics May Take For Risk Identification and Management 6 V. Identification of Three Actual or Typical Risks in Quest Diagnostics. Description of the Way Risks Might Adversely Impact Quality 6 VI. Identification of at Least Three External and Internal Factors that Influence Quality Outcomes at Quest Diagnostics. How the Factors Might Negatively Affect Quality of Outcomes at the Company 7 VII. At Least Three Long...
6 Pages (1500 words) Research Paper

Daniel's Quest

...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... Quest The novel The Book of Daniel is written by E. L. Doctorow in 1971. In this work the vividly portrays cruelty of the regime and hardship faced by many Soviet immigrants during the cold war. Doctorow depicts that the society is blind towards other people who differ form the crowd. He portrays that when actions of one character begin to affect another person, the society has moved from personal morals to social morals which set limits on human behavior. Thesis Through the theme of Daniel's quest Doctorow portrays that if the government manipulates social morals it leads to sufferings, political and social injustice faced by many American citizens. Daniel Lewi...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

The Quest for Identity

...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... Quest for Identity The quest for identity is one of the major dilemmas that adolescents deal with on a daily basis. The feeling of anxiety of not being certain of who you are and trying to look for who you are or at the very least finding out who you want to be is something that we have all experienced one way or another. It varies on intensity and severity but the main fact remains that it is an unnerving feeling that most adolescents experience. Nakkula notes that it is misguiding that theories on identity development points out that it is a conclusion of varied events that make up for an adolescents identity. Rather, it is the totality of everyday living exp...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay


...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV/AIDS) Introduction For several decades now, humans are still finding the key to an everlasting life. Nonetheless,no one has ever conquered the medicine field to provide a cure for every kind of diseases no matter how intellectually competitive and physically capacitated mortals are. In other words, the search for a universal medicine in history is still considered a myth until proven. In connection, the 1980’s is considered as the most challenging period for those individuals who are in the field of medicine. Although it is the year of enormous economic liberalization among countries, it is also the period of emergence of the disease...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Quest Patern

...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... of Resource Call # Resource Data Your s Summary of Joseph Campbell’s Hero of a Thousand Faces Web Site___Reading and Writing, What Fun! Author___Sheila Seifert URL____ Title____Hero’s Journey Defined Last Updated___March 25, 2010 In this resource, Joseph Campbell’s Hero of a Thousand Faces was summarized to help an author create the same “physical, mental and emotional journeys” used in mythic adventures. The good thing with this resource is that it talks about the internal and external plot pattens and what should be elements should be included in each “section”. Paper written for a course requirement at the University of Wollogong Site___Australian Association ...
1 Pages (250 words) Annotated Bibliography


...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... HIV: HIV-Associated neurocognitive disorders According to Sanmarti , while antiretroviral therapy has desirable effects in improving the quality of life, prolonged use of antiretroviral drugs can lead to neuropsychological impairment. This is a correct observation and is supported by Lewis who adds that antiretroviral drugs that are highly active are the ones with the highest likelihood of causing damage to the CNS (Lewis et. al., 2014). The classification of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders is quite comprehensive. The divergent findings cited in this study on the risk factors of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders are one of the things that underpin...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay


...An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV... possible ethical issue is whether to induce drugs on to the new born baby or set them free which in other case is similar to know protecting yourself even when you know you are faced with the severe form of danger from outside source. To be or not to be is the possible ethical aspect and consideration. Tempering with the naturally born baby in its original state can also be one of the aspects of the ethical constraint felt in this regard. The potential scientific benefits that can come forth from it include the research expansion, enabling to protect the unborn baby. It also would enable expanding the research on the unborn babies with regard to the diseases and ...
1 Pages (250 words) Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Research Paper on topic An Innovation in the Quest to Treat HIV for FREE!

Contact Us