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Implementing a Geographic Information System for Water & Sewerage Company - Research Paper Example

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This paper presents the design and implementation of a Geographic Information System (GIS) for the Water and Sewerage Company for the City of Nairobi, Kenya. The main objective is the design and implementation of a GIS application involving spatial and attributes data for use in the City of Nairobi…
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Implementing a Geographic Information System for Water & Sewerage Company
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Download file to see previous pages Nairobi, the capital city of Kenya is the most important economic centers in Eastern and Central parts of Africa (Preston, 2013). Nairobi city plays a significant role both politically, socially and economically. Unfortunately the city plan for this town has not been updated since 1973 hindering effective distribution of water to the city residents.
Nairobi with a population of about 4.3 million faces urban problems such as perennial traffic congestion, expansion of slum area, and environment deterioration (Preston, 2013). These have affected the effective management and distribution of essential services like water supply and sewerage. The Water & Sewer Company was the focus of this research and system design. According to the county government office, Nairobi Water & Sewerage Company serves over 2 million customers in the county. There are more than 1000 miles of water mains distributed throughout the county (Preston, 2013).
Since the main purposes of the Water Company are provision of clean, pure drinking water to residents, maintain water distribution system and add new connections lines, a GIS application system is necessary for effectiveness of the water company.
County governments have a responsibility of providing its citizens clean water, sewer, and electricity among others. The system employed depends on the area to be covered and its population. The governments in Africa and especially Kenya still manage county utility systems by paper maps in hard copy which lacks the functionality of a database (Preston, 2013).
Since GIS incorporates database technology, it gives county governments ability to effectively manage its service provision (Greene & Pick, 2011). This technology provides the utility organizations “with endless amounts of information about their assets, whether it is spatial or non-spatial” (Krivoruchko, 2011, p.28). GIS also help organizations cut down on time and cost of maintenance. Such organizations can employ one system to effective management of utilities. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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