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Evolution of the Rights of Juveniles - Research Paper Example

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The present study would focus on the development of the Juvenile Justice System. Juveniles across the world to make the mistake of committing some serious crimes and hence the world can witness a great number of such juveniles charged for their delinquency. …
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Evolution of the Rights of Juveniles
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Download file to see previous pages As the juveniles became highly determined to gain their constitutional rights, the need for rehabilitation of these tender juveniles was felt. Hence, it was decided that the juveniles must undergo rehabilitation rather than the rigorous punishments. A number of cases helped in realizing the fact that juvenile cases must be treated in a different manner. However, seven juvenile cases are believed to entirely shift the paradigm of the justice system for juveniles in the US. The duration of these lucky seven cases ranges from the year 1966 to 2005 and had a great impact on the juvenile justice system of America.
Various cases addressed the problems of the juveniles and facilitated the struggle of the American juveniles to gain their constitutional rights. It was in the 1960s when the juveniles were given their major rights including the right to affront the accusers, the right to gain support of a council, the right of cross-questioning a witness, the right of minimum course of judicial proceedings, right to court’s notice, the right against taking responsibility and the right to be familiar about the legal proceedings before transfer to criminal court (Burfeind, 2011, p.22). It is often questioned that why a 17-year-old is not granted the same rights as that of an 18-year-old juvenile. Nevertheless, the juveniles do not still have the privilege to enjoy as many rights as the adults do.
In the Kent v. United States is believed to mark beginning in altering the juvenile court reforms in America (Hess, 2010, p.47). This particular case, for the first time, acknowledged the fact that no juvenile would be sent to criminal courts until a voluntary surrender of a right is relinquished.
The story begins with the apprehension of a 14-year-old boy, Morris A Kent, who dwelled in the District of Columbia. Kent was accused of housebreakings and a couple of purse snatching cases. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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