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Features Of The Mummification Process In Ancient Egypt - Term Paper Example

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According to the Oxford English dictionary, the word mummy was recorded in the English language during the fourteenth century. The paper "Features Of The Mummification Process In Ancient Egypt" discusses the dual meaning and purpose of body preservation through mummification in ancient Egypt…
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Features Of The Mummification Process In Ancient Egypt
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Download file to see previous pages Egyptians strongly believed in medicinal properties of the bitumen. Considering its increasing demand, Egyptians found its alternative source in the form of mummies. Preserved bodies of Egyptians also appeared to have such blackened substance with properties like ‘mumia’. Therefore, it was used as a medicinal element in medieval and later times. Later, the term transformed into mummy and Egyptian started using it for preserved bodies. In recent times, “the term is now often used to describe any naturally or artificially preserved body in which desiccation of the tissues has enabled it to resist putrefaction. These human remains (consisting of the Skelton and the body tissues) have been found in several countries and are preserved by a variety of methods.”
In ancient Egypt, body preservation through mummification holds dual meaning and purpose. It was believed that the deceased body should be treated in order to make him incorruptible. The other reason was the urge to maintain the physical appearance of the body as close to living human as possible. Predynastic age burials confirm the early development of Egyptian beliefs about life after death. It is considered that the idea of preserving human or animal body stemmed from hot and dry Egyptian climate. Initially, the burial process was carried out in a comparatively simple manner without any embalming procedure. The body was placed in sand in a constricted position with objects of daily use, such as pottery. The body was wrapped in linen, hide, or red matting. The pit was often lined with bricks or board and small tumulus was placed. The hot and dry sand served the purpose of preservation and desiccated the bodies. The reason for keeping objects in grave or pits was the idea that the deceased is going to be served by them in the next life. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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