Cultural Matrix and Summary - Coursework Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Icons are religious images done on wooden plates in the Byzantine style. The word Icon springs from the Greek EIKON with the meaning image (Ostrogorsky). It…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.4% of users find it useful
Cultural Matrix and Summary
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Cultural Matrix and Summary"

Byzantium Iconography and architecture are the styles of art, which were greatly developed during the epoch of theByzantium Empire. Icons are religious images done on wooden plates in the Byzantine style. The word Icon springs from the Greek EIKON with the meaning image (Ostrogorsky). It is assumed that Icon painting started in the Byzantine Empire about the 6th century. One of the basic arguments for honoring of Icons is an oral tradition telling of the idea of Christ on the Mandylion ("The Veil of Veronica"). Legend tells how Christ himself, put his image on the Veil making the first Icon or "prototype" drawn without human hands. The name of this Icon is The Savior Acheiropoietos. Speaking about Byzantine architecture, the paramount object is the Church of Hagia Sophia. By this unique building the whole period in the development of architecture could be depicted (Brooks).
The Byzantium Empire fell, because of attack of foreigners. However, its fall was caused not only by external attack, but by many internal problems (Weitzmann). The main of them are the economic downfall of Byzantium, first of all the fall of its craft and trade connected with the penetration of empire by foreign traders, who undermined its economy; the poor life of peasantry and the citizens of the town; aggravation of class contradictions in the society and the struggle inside the dominating group; feudal wars, treacherous policy of feudals. The self-interested politics of the countries of Eastern Europe, which did not provide Byzantium with any help in danger, also contributed to the fall of the Empire (Bowersock).
Byzantium created the outstanding culture, maybe even the most outstanding in the Middle Ages, the only existing in Christian Europe till XI century. It was the continuation of the richest antique culture and the beginning of the culture of the Middle Ages. During many centuries Constantinople remained the only great city of the Christian Europe, which did not have any analogues (Kazhdan). The literature and art of Byzantium imposed influence on other peoples’ culture. The remaining monuments and the great creations of art show to us the whole brilliance of the Byzantine culture. That is why Byzantium deservingly occupied the significant place in the history of the Middle Ages.
Brooks, Sarah. "Byzantium (ca. 330–1453)". In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000
Bowersock, G. W., Peter Brown, and Oleg Grabar, eds. Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1999.
Bowersock, G. W., Peter Brown, and Oleg Grabar, eds. Late Antiquity: A Guide to the Postclassical World. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press, 1999.
Kazhdan, Alexander P., ed. The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium. 3 vols. New York: Oxford University Press, 1991.
Ostrogorsky, George. History of the Byzantine State. Rev. ed., p. 44. New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1969.
Weitzmann, Kurt, ed. Age of Spirituality: Late Antique and Early Christian Art, Third to Seventh Century. Exhibition catalogue. New York: Metropolitan Museum of Art, 1979.
Cultural Developments
Political Developments
Economic Developments
The Early Byzantium
(527– 843 CE)
The Middle Byzantine period (843–1204 CE).
The Latin Occupation of 1204–61 
The Late Byzantine
The development of sculpture, which is different from ancient tradition. The creation of Church of Hagia Sophia, and other domed sacred buildings alongside traditional basilica forms.
Art and architecture flourished
Many architectural projects and artistic monuments were created in correspondence with European tendencies
Art and architecture flourished
The practice of Christian monasticism, using Roman law, and Greek and Roman culture, a highly organized government in its great cities; later the invasion of foreigners and the loss of great cities
system of military governorship over
administrative divisions
The political system was restructured. New political capitals and Byzantine states were founded.
Great power of Byzantine religion, the influence on other states.
The loss of cities, economic crisis, successful economic and fiscal restructuring and the
beginnings of a virtuous cycle
the economic growth, trade development, the opening of the western
European markets.
Economic Growth, new technological achievements, enhanced productivity
Crisis in this period in the monetary system, poor position of Byzantine merchants. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Cultural Matrix and Summary Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Cultural Matrix and Summary Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Cultural Matrix and Summary Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Cultural Matrix and Summary Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Cultural Matrix and Summary Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Cultural Matrix and Summary

Cultural Background Summary

...My cultural background is that of African American, with practicing religion that of a Christian. I belong to the middle having usual comforts and sufficient food to eat. My schooling was in the neighborhood school with mixed racial children though predominantly of African American descent. My cultural background is influenced by history of our people, the church and the mainstream American culture beamed into all households daily through T.V., and radio to a lesser extent. The now well researched history of slave trade of my early ancestors in America and their societal isolation helped preserve many practices and traditions which they had brought with them from Africa passing orally from generation to generation in the form... of...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Marketing matrix

... Should simultaneous distribution be adopted by everyone in this industry? No, simultaneous release becomes valid only for films which cost relatively little to produce and distributors and film makers who spend millions of dollars in marketing and making a movie would benefit more from a staggered release since they require a large input from the box office to remain profitable. The advantage with simultaneous release is that gives a large input to the filmmaker at one go which means that a movie which costs 20 million to make might net a profit of five million with simultaneous release (Waxman, 2006). On the other hand, a film which comes with a total bill of $200 million will need a staggered release so that at every stage... Should...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Cross-Cultural Communication Matrix

...Cross-Cultural Communication Matrix [Insert [Insert In the present day context the world is fast becoming a global village and numerous opportunities for international travel and business are available to man. In this scenario it is imperative that each global citizen becomes aware of his/her own as well as others cultural identity, cultural values and stress points so that they become skillful communicators. There is a common belief that all humans are equal and hence all have similar feelings and behavior patterns. That is however, not entirely true. If an individual who needs to do international business treats people in another country and from a different...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

The Matrix

...The Matrix One of the seminal philosophical texts of Greek antiquity is Plato’s ‘Allegory of the Cave.’ This dialogue presents a hypothetical situation wherein individuals are seated in a cave and only able to view reality through shadows flickering on a wall. While diametrically opposite in most ways to Plato’s dialogues, the ‘Matrix ‘is a major contemporary work that also explores a number of philosophical questions. This film places the protagonist, Neo, in a future world where reality is also hidden from direct access. Through an examination of these texts, this essay contends that in many regards the ‘Matrix’ can be considered a modern day version of Plato’s ‘Allegory of the Cave’....
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

The Matrix

...The Matrix Number Number Teacher’s Due The Matrix The Matrix was a movie that changed the way movies are made foraudiences and especially the way in which visual effects were conceptualised. The exceptional stunts that were a part of the movie enabled it to achieve a cult status among the masses. Apart from this, it also managed to gain a great deal of applause from critics and its allegorical structure came in for great praise from reviewers. The movie’s critique of the industrialized world of today was something that touched a chord with the masses and the critics alike. The Matrix was the result of the combination of the views that were held by many...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Matrix analysis

...Matrix Analysis Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 TOWS analysis 3 Threats 3 Opportunities 3 Weakness 4 Strengths 4 SPACE matrix 6 References 9 TOWS analysis Threats The spending of the consumers is highly dependent and relative to the economic condition of the country. A tight condition of the economy highly limits the availability of disposable income and thereby tightens the customer’s ability to spend on the health benefits sector ( Though there are multiple variants of business for the healthcare benefit sector with varying range of entry barriers, yet the barriers to entry in regards to the personal training centre is comparatively the lowest. This will provide ample amount of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Cigna Corporation (Cigna) is a global health service company. The company offers variant insurance products under medical and accident cover throughout United States. These services are sold through the company employees and selected groups. Having wide operations in United States and beyond means, the company is under a great challenge to handle external factors compared to a local business. Similarly, the wider operations mean the company has a wide management structure and numerous employees. This means the company has numerous internal factors that affect its operations in one way or the other. This study looks at the external factors in addition, seeks to determine their impact on the operations of...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Matrix Chart

... SUB-STAGE AGE ANALYSIS The Use of Reflexes Birth-one month The pure reflexive actions displayed by the newborn are essentially inherent (Watts and Cockcroft. 328) and are the foremost component of a newborn’s progressive development from birth to one month. The use of reflexes is characterized by the assimilation of items that are new to the child that are translated into reflexive responses (Rathus 177). (Example: An infant grasping his mother’s finger). 2) Primary Circular Reactions 1-4 months At this stage the infant develops a circular pattern involving stimuli and response. This means that actions which yield outcomes that are pleasurable or intriguing are repeated (Rathus 177). Furthermore, the enhancement of reflexive use...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment

Article matrix

...Article Matrix and Publication and Journal Purpose of Research Study Research Methodology Research Findings Strengths and Limitations of Study Implications for Nursing Leadership Yaser Mansour Almansour (2012) The Relationship Between Leadership Styles and Motivation of Managers Conceptual Framework. Journal of Arts, Science & Commerce To explore the existing relationship between the styles of leadership and the managers’ motivation in the organizations The study is in the form of a review of written literature on the issue on leadership styles and its relationship to managers motivation Motivation is that which drives a specific action. The drive is due to a potential reward or escape from harm. Different styles of...
1 Pages(250 words)Assignment

Strategic Opportunities for Costa Coffee

...and exotic tastes that can be used with those that are interested in the different experience that is a part of coffee. The economic utilization of coffee is continuing to expand as more tastes and levels of expertise are providing new opportunity for those that are looking into coffee as a commodity (Pandey et al, 153, 2000). The different opportunities for growth within the coffee industry are associated with Ansoff’s Matrix, specifically by providing product development and diversification as a part of the coffee shop, which can continue to grow in the market. The social and cultural aspects that are a part of the coffee as an experience not only have provided new product opportunities for those...
9 Pages(2250 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Coursework on topic Cultural Matrix and Summary for FREE!

Contact Us