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identity, by divergence with the corresponding fabrication of patriotism, which comprises of the social conditioning and personal bearing that underwrite a country’s decision and actions.
Nationalism is studied through two perspectives that are psychological and political or social perspective.The former point of view encompasses personal attachment to religion or a person, the need to interact and communicate or a desire to belong. This perspective depicts the elementary human motivation. The latter perspective talks about Primordialist perspective; here nationalism is explained as a shadow of the antique and opinionated evolutionary attitude of mankind to merge into different groups or colonies that share the same propinquity of birth. The second perspective describes nationalism as a novel episodes pre-requisite of existence of modern society. Henceforth, this paper is set about study the role of nationalism in modern Europe on multiple levels, how it is being manifested in the regime and what are some aspects of the character of the issue in Europe.
Starting with the evolution of nationalism in Europe, a wave of romantic nationalism swept the major countries of Europe such as Germany, Italy and Romania. Here, the role of Napoleon played a crucial role, since his code and intellectualities became an influential ethics for the European. Furthermore, taglines for liberty, freedom, equality and brotherhood started sweeping into the ideologies of the people. Apart from this, national awakening emerged as a result of theories of national identity, self-expression for nationhood and attachment to the culture. Other than Napoleon, G. W Friedrich Hegel proposed the idea that where religion and dynastic duty were on downswing, there nationality is an essential backbone for structuring of societies (McKay, Hill & Buckler. et al 2013).
The eruption of Nationalism was not only on one level, but many. Many researches and studies show that in the 19th century in Europe,
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Thus, Yalta Conference in Crimea, Soviet Union, in February 1945 between the “Big Three” allies of the Second World War was one such event that structured the start of the Cold War (The Cold War, “Disney 1,” par. 1). Middle East throughout the Cold War had become a ground for rivalry.
Even though the Second World War ended in 1945, another undeclared cold war started immediately between America and Soviet Union for capturing supremacy in global political and economical matters. The different political ideologies prevailed in these superpowers (America is under democratic administration whereas Soviet Union was under communist administration) strengthened the cold war immensely.
After the World War II the Soviet Union turned out to be a super power which was becoming a threat for the United States and for this reason many blame the United States to be the main cause of Russian collapse. It was the issue of superiority and balance of power between the nations that led to a war which was known as ‘The Cold War’.
World War II, Cold War and Post-War America Part 1: The World War II, Involvement and Interests of America: America tried its level best to remain in complete isolation during the war time though; America feared that Axis powers might overcome the major portion of the globe.
United States View on the Cold War
One of these powers representing the western world involved in the war was America. The country engaged in the war together with its NATO allies. The communists were led by the Soviet Union2. The Soviet Union engaged in the war together with its satellite states.
After the Cold War ended the United States became the only superpower and there was less tension between the U.S and Russia. However the United States’ position to other countries had also changed. The end of the Cold War would eventually lead America to face other enemies and to reconsider national security.
Essentially, the notion of the cold war is enigmatic since the major counties in the center of it never actually took up arms against each other in “hot wars”. American and The USSR were embroiled in an ideological contention; American was democratic and capitalistic, whereas Russia was a communist country, this meant that it was led by a single dictator who exercised control all the economic aspects therein.
Following the success of the wartime alliance formed temporarily against Hitler’s Nazi Germany, the only two superpowers in global affairs were the United States and the Soviet Union. However, these two countries had profound differences in their political and economic ideologies, and this led to the beginning of the Cold War.
Although the Cold War was accompanied by little armed combat, threats from Cuban missiles and the rush to arms, especially nuclear, was cause for real alarm. McCarthyism - which sought to exterminate any traces of
Happening within such a short time after the second world war, this was the first major clash between the allies and the axis power and foreshadowed a the existence of an even bigger clash between these two powers
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