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Cuban Missile Crisis - Assignment Example

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The movements gained momentum or national prominence when Africans in America became aware of their right to resist racism. The Jim Crow rule curtailed African…
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Cuban Missile Crisis
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Two Question’s Answers The movement did not emerge from a vacuum; they emerged due to racial segregation experienced by Blacksin America. The movements gained momentum or national prominence when Africans in America became aware of their right to resist racism. The Jim Crow rule curtailed African Americans their rights as human. The rule was of the view that Africans were not supposed to share facilities with whites due to their status in American society. The rule upheld white supremacy and control of Asian and blacks who to them were non- white. The non- whites were humiliated economically and humanely and there was no right to vote. In 1896, the decision of Plessy v. Feguson held that the Jim Crow rule did not violate the American Fourteenth Amendment. The Decision was ignorance that black facilities were inferior (Bennett 214).
Due to the subservient position of African Americans, In 1955 Rosa Park defied the norm of the time. She refused to give up a seat in a bus in Alabama, Montgomery. The refusal instigated mass protest among blacks who boycotted the bus transport. The boycott led many blacks to follow Martin Luther King Jr as patron of the newly founded Montgomery Improvement Association. The support made King very popular amongst blacks where he himself adopted Gandhi approach of non-violent approach as a way of advocating for non-white rights (Bennett 216).
The maturity of black’s movements was gradual, blacks were relentless in their course, due to this, major campaigns were widespread, this leading to Birmingham case where non-violent demonstrators were hurt by law enforcers. The result made white perceive that the black nationalism might occur and this led president Kennedy to introduce civil rights act of 1964 and London to introduce in 1965 the voting rights amongst blacks (Bennett 217).
The October crisis or Cuban missile was a result of Suspicion and fear on spread of communism in America. According to Allison and Zellikov (110), it was a confrontation among Cuba, United States of America and the Soviet Union in 1962. The origin was a result of USA failure to overthrow Cuba regime. Due to this, the Cuban and its allies Soviet governments began to build different ballistic missiles which were perceived to have ability to hit and destroy US. Castro and his counterpart from Russia, Krushchev were ready to invade US if USA invaded Cuba, which the Soviet saw as their only option to spread communism in Latin America (Allison and Zellikov 112).
After the confrontation had ended, Soviet Union dismantled the missile systems it had placed in Cuba; on the other hand, USA agreed never to invade Cuba. In a letter to Security Council that US government agreed to respect Cuba sovereignty and its borders. The US also promised to not permit any other country to use any territory as a bridgehead to attack Cuba (Allison and Zellikov 114)
The US government agreed to dismantle weapons by the named Jupiter and Thor in Turkey and Europe. In 1962, November, the American government deactivated its entire weapon and later hotline agreements were created between Washington DC–Moscow (Allison and Zellikov 117).
Works Cited
Allison Graham and Zelikow Philip. Essence of Decision: Explaining the Cuban Missile Crisis (2nd ed.). New York: Addison Wesley Longman. 1999. Print
 Bennett Scott. Radical Pacifism: The War Resisters League and Gandhian Nonviolence in America, 1915–1963. Syracuse University Press. 2003. Print Read More
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