The Berlin blockade occurred when the Russians blocked the western allies (France, Britain and the United States of America) from accessing their sectors of Berlin which lay in the soviet occupied East Germany. This was preceded by a partial blockade in April 1948 before the…
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The Berlin blockade was motivated by a series of events; In February 1945 the heads of government of the USA, United Kingdom and the Soviet Union held a meeting during the 2nd world war where they agreed that Germany was to undergo demilitarization and denazification so as to avoid the occurrence of another world war. They agreed to divide Germany into three zones each of which would be occupied by the three principal powers (United States, United Kingdom and the Soviet Union). The Zones of occupation of USA and United Kingdom were to be curved out so as to give France a zone of occupation. After the conference, no one among the major principles (Franklin D.rosevelt, Winston Churchill and soviet leader Joseph Stalin) left satisfied as each had his own agendas. This resulted to mistrust among the three leaders thus deepening silent differentiation of ideas which led to the commencement of the cold after Yalta conference (Wettig 75-80).
Between 1945 and1948, the United States of America and the United Kingdom were trying to restore a new Germany secretly after the reparations of the 2nd world war. However despite announcing the creation of a new Germany in January 1948, it was very hard to take full control of Germany as they had only been given the western part of Berlin during the Yalta conference while their soviet counterparts had control of the eastern side. The efforts by the western powers to restore Germany were viewed by Joseph Stalin (the leader of the Soviet Union) as a direct attack. Regarding the previous confrontation between Germany and Russia, Stalin saw it as a plan of raising Germany back to power. In June 1 1948, crises between the two powers started when soviet powers blocked the road, rail and water access to the allied controlled areas of Berlin. Starlin claimed that he had caused the blockade so as to defend the German economy against a new currency while the western powers interpreted this to mean that he was trying to
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(“Berlin blockade/ cold war Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 words”, n.d.)
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(Berlin Blockade/ Cold War Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words)
“Berlin Blockade/ Cold War Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/history/1631623-berlin-blockade-cold-war.
The battle, fought between 16th April 1945 to 2nd May 1945, was of great importance for Germany and the Soviet Union. The battle ended in the victory of the Soviet Union bringing an end to the Hitler’s third Reich. During the war, the Red army not only destroyed the main infrastructure of Berlin but also outnumbered the German forcers everywhere.
Even though the Second World War ended in 1945, another undeclared cold war started immediately between America and Soviet Union for capturing supremacy in global political and economical matters. The different political ideologies prevailed in these superpowers (America is under democratic administration whereas Soviet Union was under communist administration) strengthened the cold war immensely.
It was a tense affair that exposed the rivalry between the Communist East and the Capitalist West. Although, tensions ran high, actual warfare never broke out; due, to the determination of the parties involved wishing to avoid another war so soon after the devastation of World War II.
The “war” part of the name comes from the conflicts expressed through arms races, sports rivalry, military coalitions, espionage and propaganda. The end date of The Cold War, 1991, refers to the end of the Soviet Union, rather than any particular end of this quasi-stalemate warfare
After the World War II the Soviet Union turned out to be a super power which was becoming a threat for the United States and for this reason many blame the United States to be the main cause of Russian collapse. It was the issue of superiority and balance of power between the nations that led to a war which was known as ‘The Cold War’.
The ‘cold’ part of the name is a reference to the fact that there was no actual war between the two primary forces, the Soviet Union and the United States, although in some ways it is a misnomer because, as previously mentioned, there were proxy wars involved.
Due to the Cold War, international politics changed which resulted in a change in relations among the countries. Foreign policies were changed by many countries during the Cold War era and all these factors had a great influence on the overall global climate.
The author states that Berlin was also divided into four parts with each portion also controlled by the four states. Soon the political divides drifted into greater gaps between the Soviets and the other states. One of the main issues seen at this point was the fact that USSR refused to cooperate with the reconstruction plans for Germany.
The author states that the history of Berlin wall remains important in understanding the great socio-economic steps the world has made and the root of the existing political divide between the US-capitalist lead economy versus the Russian-communist policy. The current socio-economic is a product of their 28-year different political ideologies.
The main focus of the paper is on the origin, development and, most importantly, on the end of Cold War. The Cold War was the economic, ideological, and geopolitical conflict between two global powers, the Soviet Union and the United States, which began in 1946 after the end of the World War II and lasted until collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
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