The world today is a global village, and hardly any part of it can be insulated from the ill-effects of terrorism. However, in the zeal to secure the life of the common man, his privacy is being invaded…
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Evidence shows that the opposite is true in this case.
This topic becomes significant in the light of the Snowden episode. EJ Snowden, a computer specialist and formerly associated with the CIA and NSA, revealed classified documents to the media. These documents were related to surveillance by NSA and others and the details thereof. In the wake of the September 11th attack on the US, the NSA decided to track phone calls where one of the parties was outside the US. This did not require warrants. As Cauley reports, though the address details were not sought by the NSA, it could always be obtained from other databases. To conclude, NSA had got hold of the communication patterns of many US citizens.
According to the fourth amendment of the US constitution, the government would not spy upon its people, provided they take reasonable measures for the same. As Jordan points out, the Supreme Court considers two things as pre-requisites for fourth amendment status. Firstly, the person must display that he expects privacy. Secondly, society should accept this expectation as legitimate (536). For instance, VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) is very secure and difficult to eavesdrop on. Hence, the user expects even more privacy (538).
While most countries do not consider privacy of communications as a human right, the Japanese constitution ensures privacy. In terms of the internet, cryptography is a principle with far reaching consequences. Shearer & Guttmann point out that a cryptography-based society could exclude governments unless it decides to do so. If governments can tolerate encryption by citizens and involve itself in other activities, it would be in the interest of the common man (23).
The term ‘privacy’ has narrow as well as wide connotations depending on its interpretation. As Daniel believes, one has to focus more on related problems rather than ignoring or inflating them (772). By focussing on the definition, one digresses from
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As information technology took authority in propagating consumerism, companies have also devised strategies to track personal profiles and to record products purchased by consumers through e-card systems or through social network system. People have increasingly been adaptive to e-commerce, pay through cash cards, and got electronically registered as members of major commercial institutions (Henry, 2010).
The Transportation Security Administration is responsible for ensuring public transportation safety. In order to do this, the agency has implemented policies that have come under criticism for being intrusive and a violation of individual rights to privacy.
Safety technology has stepped up, for the most part of the precedent decade, motivated by legislation, the engineering proficiencies of the car engineers themselves and, most significantly, by customers who make demands for safer automobiles so that pedestrian harm can be decreased while still sustaining a high point of protection for the car’s occupants..
The Right of Privacy is accepted by all constitutions of both federal and state governments. The United Nations Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on civil and Political Rights as well as other international and regional treaties also recognize this right.
In this regard, human beings need to develop and reconnect with their beliefs, dreams, thoughts, and hopes in privacy. In addition, privacy is crucial for human beings to live in their homes without the interference of the government. Furthermore, it is through privacy that grown-ups get to decide the time to marry and the individual who they will marry.
Compared to other organizations, the engineering organizations take part in operations that are much riskier, putting them at the risk of accidents, diseases and even death. The industrial management team has a vital role to ensure that the health and safety of their employees are maintained at an optimal level.
Privacy refers to the ability of a person or group to seclude information about them, and; hence, expose them discriminatingly (Etzioni 2). In essence, it is the right of someone to be free from secret inspection and to decide whether, how, when and to whom one’s individual or organizational information is to be revealed (Etzioni 2).
The researcher of this essay will make an earnest attempt to compare and contrast two case studies of strategic management techniques in the public sector in order to examine a) the impact of strategic leadership and b) the impact of strategic management processes on the effectiveness of an organization.