Using your understanding of the cold war was the demise of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe relatively orderly or could/should it have been more organized and managed? Substantiate your thoughts with relevant evidence.
According to my understanding of the…
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The disintegration of the communism in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union was the most unexpected and rapid major economic and social transformation that occurred in the 20th century.
Although the demise of communism in Eastern Europe was largely peaceful, it had extremely destabilizing repercussions in the Soviet Union. This was due to the fact that communism was founded on two defining economic features which were characterized by a centralized command economy in which prices as well as output targets were administratively fixed. It is worth noting that the key premise behind communism was that the cause of human suffering was capitalism and its subsequent lack of the distribution of wealth.
The heaviest price that was paid by the relatively disorganized manner in which communism ended was the financial/ monetary costs that the European countries had to face, and the subsequent debt the states would have to the West for the economic assistance offered to help in the building of market economies in the East. There was an unexpected high cost to reunification and reconstruction in the East which consequently caused tension which spilled over the country’s borders. Additionally, there was a quick growth in the number of Eastern European immigrants which in turn spurred powerful racists and rightist political movements which ultimately culminated in anti-immigrant riots.
Unfortunately, as a result, there was a great increase in unemployment caused by the chaos on the currency markets in Europe and the fragmenting of the European monetary system. There was a lingering recession characterized by unemployment and hyperinflation where people’s savings were exhausted. Unfortunately, European governments were preoccupied with striving to lower their budget deficits as well as the national inflation and had little room to deal with the issue of unemployment or any other social issues that arose from the collapse of communism. Therefore, due to the mentioned
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The main focus of the paper is on the origin, development and, most importantly, on the end of Cold War. The Cold War was the economic, ideological, and geopolitical conflict between two global powers, the Soviet Union and the United States, which began in 1946 after the end of the World War II and lasted until collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991.
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This was at a time when Greece’s economy was crumbling and its political situation was steadily deteriorating, most significantly the National Liberation Front Communist-led insurgency. Turkey too was under intense pressure from the Soviet Union that wanted to take control of the strategic Dardanelle Straits.
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