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The Most Useful Ancient Chinese Inventions - Term Paper Example

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The paper "The Most Useful Ancient Chinese Inventions" nominates the compass, gunpowder, paper, and printing that the author believes to be the most advanced inventions, and gives the palm to the invention, without which it is impossible to imagine today's life - the paper…
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The Most Useful Ancient Chinese Inventions
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Download file to see previous pages Ancient Chinese inventions and contributions have been existent since the establishment of dynasties but there are ten useful inventions attributed to ingenuity and innovativeness, among of which include: compass, gunpowder, paper, printing the invention of water pumps, seismoscopes (earthquake weathercock), use of wheelbarrows, the Grand Canal, and the construction of the Great Wall of China (Pelt & Matthews, 2010, 36-37). Of course, there are other notable inventions and discoveries during the ancient times but these inventions stand out among the rest because of significant impact in science and technology, agriculture, military, communication, water system, and architecture.
From the ten remarkable contributions, the author strongly nominates that the four most ingenious and innovative contributions are a compass, gunpowder, paper, and printing. Compass is used to determine a geographic direction and usually consists of a magnetic needle mounted or suspended and free to pivot until in alignment with the magnetic field of Earth and dial. However, the primitive compass (si nan) was invented during the Warring States Period and consists of a spoon cut out of lodestone
and a bronze plate. There were twenty-four si nan (primitive compass) directions in the plate and the surface of the plate and the spoon were smooth enough to turn on easily. The compass worked by putting the spoon in the center and turning it slightly. The spoon would point to the south because of magnetism. Later inventors developed the current, familiar magnetic compass because of the heaviness of the plate and the difficulty of obtaining the lodestone.
Gunpowder (left) was popularly listed as one of the greatest inventions of Chinese. The discovery of gunpowder was an accident as the ancient Alchemists of China are trying to discover an elixir or life immortality. But one of the important elixirs known as saltpeter (potassium nitrate) failed, leading to the development of gunpowder. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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