The Puritans in the American Soil - Assignment Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
In the paper “The Puritans in the American Soil” the author looks at Puritanism, which began in the years when Queen Elizabeth I of England ascended to the throne in 1558. Mary, the previous monarch before Elizabeth I, succeeded to restore Catholicism and cripple the Anglican Church…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
The Puritans in the American Soil
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "The Puritans in the American Soil"

Hence, Church designations such as priests, deacons and archbishops were replaced by pastors and elders who were elected by the Puritan Congregation. Because of a completely different set of beliefs and traditions, the Anglican Church, which was already restored by Queen Elizabeth I’s reign, charged the Puritans as Separatists to the English state religion. It is said that at the beginning of the clash between the Puritans and the Anglicans in England, the Separatists began to flee to Calvinist Holland where Puritanism was well accepted (Streich).
After the reign of Queen Elizabeth I, the line of the Stuart kings staged their roles in the English throne. James I, who was responsible for the creation of the King James Bible, sparked the outright uprisings of the Puritan community in England. Because of the stronghold of the Anglican Church within the Stuart monarchy, the king naturally favored the Anglicans over the Puritans who had started to emerge in the English Parliament. What marked the Puritans’ outrage at the Anglicans and at King James I was when the monarch convened a meeting at Hampton Court in 1604. This meeting was a conglomeration of bishops and Puritans where the latter petitioned their grievances to the new king. The Hampton Court Conference ended up as a mishap for the Puritans- it resulted in the dismissal of all Puritan proposals. Because of such an outcome, the Puritans began to lose hope for their voices to be heard by the new king. Also, as King James I’s reign unfolded, the imminent persecution of the Puritans was already felt within the English soil (Streich).
At the death of King James I and the ascension of King Charles I, the repressions against the Puritans have already bloomed. As a general context, England was in a bad state upon King Charles I’s reign. He had both political and fiscal problems on his hands. To add to that, the religious dissensions in England spurred the wrath of the monarch. With so many concerns that relied on Charles I’s decisions, he did not need the Puritans to contradict the state religion of England. The growing numbers of the Puritan followers that caused numerous conflicts with the dominantly Anglican England caught the attention of the king. Hence, persecution by the English throne has deemed a solution to religious disputes (Wedgewood, 29-32).
One of the earliest accounts of migration from England by Puritans was dated in 1609 where the Separatists- as the migrating Puritans were called- left their homeland and transferred to the city of Leiden, Holland to escape the persecution of King James I. With the determination to establish a colony of their own, after a decade these Separatists left Holland and, with the help of English merchants, acquired a patent of land in the New World. In September 1620, the Mayflower ship set sail from Holland on their way to the new colony. Aboard the ships were the Separatists and non-believers alike- consisting of 101 passengers. In December of the same year, the Mayflower arrived at the coast of the new colony, Plymouth. Thus, that same year began the colonization of New England (Block). The migration that began in this year would not stop because the persecution of King James I carried on up to the ascension of King Charles I. King Charles I would be the last Stuart king famous for Puritan persecutions before the establishment of Oliver Cromwell’s Commonwealth in 1649 and the Stuart restoration of Charles II in 1660 (Hill, 147-149).
Under King Charles I, the parliament was dissolved in 1629 and the dictatorship of the monarch commenced. What entailed this dictatorship was greater persecution of the Puritans. The Puritans who experienced this heightened persecution in the hands of King Charles I in England took advantage of the Massachusetts Bay Colony- chartered in 1629 by a group of moderate Puritans in the lands of the New World. The mentioned colony served as a refuge for the persecuted Puritans who looked for a new life in a foreign land in the West. From 1629 to 1640 marked the peak years of the Great Migration (Block). The Massachusetts Bay Colony was part of the greater New England which was, in the time of Charles I, already a new but established colony of English Separatists who ventured with the Mayflower.
In a span of one decade (1629-1640), about 80,000 Puritans escaped from the clutches of persecution in England. 21,000 of those settled in the refuge of New England’s Massachusetts Bay Colony. The rest were dispersed in countries like the Netherlands, Ireland and the West Indies. The English migrants who settled in the mentioned countries came from the East England counties of Norfolk, Suffolk, Essex, Herefordshire, Cambridgeshire, Huntingdonshire, Lincolnshire, and Kent (Roe). Indeed it can be said that by the great numbers which fled from the English coast, the intensity of the persecutions by King Charles I can be assumed as the worst.
It is interesting to note the types of migrants who fled from England. The majority of the Puritans who transferred to New England where the middle class of English society. These were educated, people. 75 percent of them could sign their own names and most of them could pay for their travel passes. 60 percent of the migrants were skilled craftsmen or tradesmen (Roe). Others comprised of artisans and the like. Only 17 percent of the New Englanders worked as servants (Betlcok). Less than a third of these migrants worked in line with agriculture (Roe). So, it can be said form the statistics presented above that the migration from England was major because of the harsh life brought about by the persecutions due to religious intolerance. Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(The Puritans in the American Soil Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words, n.d.)
The Puritans in the American Soil Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words. Retrieved from
(The Puritans in the American Soil Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
The Puritans in the American Soil Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words.
“The Puritans in the American Soil Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF The Puritans in the American Soil

American Dream for Slaves, Indians, and Puritans

...? American Dream for Slaves, Indians, and Puritans Introduction George Carlin in his comic nature commented that theAmerican dream is known so, because one has to be asleep in order to believe it. This comment, though it brings about comic relief, it pushes one to analyze the degree of truth that is attached to it. America has for long been known as the ‘land of dreams.’ People leave their native homes to go to America in pursuit of dreams for a better future. This trend has not started in the past century; it dates way before. In tracing the history of the peoples of America, it becomes clear that a substantial portion of its residents are immigrants who settled. Over time, they establish their communities, and become a part... of the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...History and Political Science 17 October Puritans Puritans were a group of people from the old England that had separated from the England way of governance and church believes. They believed in the strict adherence of the Bible’s interpretation with respect to their lives. Women in the society had limited authority to exercise their rights as they do today. A woman would only come second after a male child and was obliged to obey their husbands at whatever course. The strict observance of Biblical law made the women to be viewed more sinful than men following the story of Adam and Eve. It is from such basis that a female gender was prohibited from leading a public crowd in matters concerning theology in...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Puritans

...began to have children themselves, Puritan leaders worried about their falling away from faith. Thus, in 1662 they drew up the Halfway Covenant under which unconverted children of saints could become 'halfway church members'. The Puritans had also to contend with the arrival of new religious groups, most notably the Quakers, whose views were very different from their own. The Salem witch trials of 1692 demonstrated the erosion of religious confidence and assurance felt by many Puritans." (Roark, et al; 2007) References: Roark, Johnson, Cohen, Stage, Lawson, & Hartman; "The American Promise: A Compact History"; Vol. 1 to 1877; ISBN: O-312-44841-7; Bedford/...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Soil Mechanics

...Soil Mechanics Introduction Earth is extremely rich in soil and minerals and the terrain we find is of different types and kinds. Soil is made up of three components: solid particles, air, and water. The particles are classified by size as clay, silt, sand, gravel, cobbles, or boulders. The amount of air and water within a sample of soil affects its behavior. The sizes and types of particles that constitute a particular soil affect its properties and thus its load-carrying ability and compressibility. However the soil we find is hardly perfect for any kind of construction before any steps are taken to harden the soil. This is usually because soil is by natural forces in tension and shear, although it is comparatively stronger... in...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Soil concentration

...Soil Concentration Elemental composition that is found in soils has anomalies leading to plant stress, as well as increased salt concentration (Cl-), and Ca2+ mineral nutrients. The salt concentration found in soil solutions is measured in form of its salinity. The amount of Cl- present in a given soil solution determines its salinity, which is required for proper plant life. Cac2+ is an important mineral nutrient in soil for plant life, but is harmful if in excess. The main cause of soil salinity can be attributed to the water management practices used on a given soil solution. High concentrations of Cl- destabilize...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Soil Behavior

...Soil Behavior SOIL BEHAVIOR Soil behavior involves all the processes occurring on the surface of the earth as a result of the agents of the very processes. This research paper explores the characteristics of soil under: liquefaction, soil improvement, geophysical methods, excavation safety and intelligent compaction. A case study for geotechnical failure will also be provided. Liquefaction is the process by which the earthquake or heavy material on the earth surface causes the earth materials to reduce in its stiffness and strength, thus rendering it vulnerable to erosion by the erosion agents. It occurs majorly in soils that are water...
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper

Preventing another 9/11 on American Soil

... Preventing another 9/11 on American Soil If you were President of the United s, What steps would you take to prevent another September 11th from happening on American Soil?  If I were the President of the United States of America then I would first discontinue the America’s ‘War on Terror’ in order to prevent another September 11th attack on the country. This is primarily because the war on terror has only consumed USA’s financial, military and national resources without any beneficial returns both in terms of economic progress and social security. On the other hand the terrorist activities are accelerating all over the world including Switzerland, UK and the Eastern Countries. Hence it is evident that if war on terror continues... then...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Soil machines

...Engineering and construction: Use of Soil Machines to Test Property of Soil of a Site By Presented to > Introduction Statham’s Close field at the Blacken Hurst campus of Nottingham Trent University was visited to evaluate the characteristic of that location’s soil. Samples were collected and tested to achieve this objective. Site location The site is located around 13.5 miles away from the main administrative buildings. Elevation of the ground’s site was measured to lie between 52m and 64m as shown on MAP1. To ensure more control, a trial pit of 60cm X 60cm X 60cm was excavated with coordinates of N 530 3.617 and W00 57.670. The day’s weather was very appealing as there was no rain, and this made the testing of the soil... to be done with...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Soil order

...Soil order and their associated environmental climates Arid soil Soil order The soil orders of arid soils are always free-draining. However, these soils receive insufficient rainfall due to the climate and it is for this reason that they always retain their soluble salts. The order of arid soils is characterized by three levels which are: Oxisol Vertisol Entisol It is however important to note that not all arid soils are classified in the aridsol order. Some have unique compositions that place them in other orders of soil. Oxisols are weathered soils found in the...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Soil mechanics

...SOIL MECHANICS A. Procedure for installing retaining wall Step one Asses and determine the height of the wall, H. Determine the properties of the entailed din the granular backfill substance for instance unit weight (1) and entailed angle of friction (ɸ1) Step two Next note and obtain the soil-tie friction angle (ɸU) and the also the related values of FS (B) and FS (P) In case if internal stability Step three Assume the values for the horizontal and vertical tie spacing thus assume width of the reinforcing strip .w to be used in the process. Step four Derive the a from the equation Step five: derive the tie forces at various levels while considering the equation The tie force per unit length...
5 Pages(1250 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Assignment on topic The Puritans in the American Soil for FREE!

Contact Us