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History - Coursework Example

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Use of Air Combat in World War First Name / Last Name School Affiliation The war in the Air in both World Wars had the same main aim: to destroy the morale of the civilian population. How far do the sources support this interpretation of the War in the air in the two World Wars?…
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This evaluation refutes claim that the aim of the World War I was to kill the morale of the civilians. This is because the targets of the Zeppelin by the German in United Kingdom were not always hit due to the levels of accuracy that were low (Wilkinson 1997). Beatrice Webb, another eyewitness, also talks of excited men and women who were in the streets watching the zeppelin with excitement because it was not common to see the zeppelin. She says that the civilians were excited by this aircraft and thus morale was not damaged if that was the intention (Webb 1912-24). There is contrast of these in various other sources that have evaluated the impact of World War I. Marr (2009) in his book, the making of modern Britain, talks of shock and panic that spread across Britain at a time when people were trying to get used to bombings from air. The civilians were always in fear of an attack that would sweep across the land. The raids by Germany were aimed at forcing Britain airplanes to move out of the western front so as to paralyze the industries in Britain and kill the morale of the civilian inhabitants (Kennett 1991). The raids achieved little of military value though they triggered much deaths and property harm (Raymond 1991). Levine highlights in his book that the morale of the British people (civilians) in World War I was minor and temporary. The impression made on their leaders however was permanent. This led to massive disappointment among the Germans who had hoped that this would have a great impact in the war. The morale was not damaged but it had made Britain play a defensive role in the war (Levine 1992). The age of total war came to be in the 20th century. The use of MAD (Mutually Assured Destruction) was also common in this century (Hall 1998). The most continual “laboratory” for learning the practice and results of air combat against populated towns took position during the air combat in European countries, 1939-45 (Levine 1992). During the World War II according to Andrew Ross who was an eye witness and a victim of the bombing in Britain, the bombs that hit the civilians were not intended for the civilians but for the Coventry but due to low levels of accuracy there were stray bombs that hit the homes of civilians. In the morning however, King George VI visited each homestead that had been hit by the bomb that night and this was a great boost to the morale of the civilians seeing their king with them in their time of need hence if the bomb was intended to tamper with the morale of the civilians, it did not work this time (Orland, 2012). During war, the targets and casualties were majorly civilians. This is because this tactic has been used to inflict massive damage to the morale of the population. This was thus not a new tactic in the World War II proceeding. With the introduction of combat airplanes there was continued use of the tactic where the pilots would drop bombs in areas with large populations and the larger the population the more successful a mission was termed. This attack on civilians who are going on with their normal day to day activities was deemed to affect the morale of the civilians and with them demoralized, the opponent considered winning the war would not be a problem In Britain this was not to be because with the attack by the Germans, there was increased vigilance from roof watchers who did their job to Read More
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