We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Surveillance and intelligence - Term Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
Name History and Political Science 23 October 2013 1. Write a paragraph explaining cognitive dissonance and tell why critical thinkers need to understand the way it affects people- including ourselves- respond to domestic and international developments (30 points)…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Surveillance and intelligence
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Surveillance and intelligence

Download file to see previous pages... Festinger in his analysis of the cognitive dissonance theory gave the analogy of a fearful person, who could not find commensurate cause for his fear. The person’s knowledge that he is fearful is incompatible with his knowledge that there is nothing to fear. (Wicklund and Brehm1). Cognition or elements of knowledge refer to knowledge one has concerning the environment or himself (Wicklund and Brehm 3). Critical thinkers need to understand the cognitive dissonance and how it impacts on our response to domestic and international developments. According to Festinger, it is this uncertainty in knowledge that culminates in a psychological state known as cognitive dissonance. Cognition also varies in extent to which it has resistance to knowledge. For example, a person’s knowledge of the greenness of grass is immensely resistant to change; a person with normal vision would find it difficult to visualize grass as being any other color than green. Generally, there are two distinct sources of resistance to change. The first source of resistance to change is difficulty in altering events cognized. What is commonly referred to as facts, for example, the grass is green, those worldly aspects that give us firm and clear cognitions. On the other hand, highly ambiguous events, for example, what will be the quality of life on earth a century from now?, is not clear. The second source of resistance to change is the clarity of reality presented by cognition. Cognitions concerning historical events are immensely resistant to change. On the other hand, contemporaneous events and cognitions related to them are easier to change. For example, if one finds that the air conditioner is too noisy, he or she can simply decide to turn it off. The original statement of Festinger’s cognitive dissonance theory thus notably proposed resistance to change of cognitions and proportion of cognitions that are dissonant. Inclusion of the latter proposition distinguishes cognitive dissonance theory from other theories of cognitive balance, and makes it a fertile source of research. Cognitive dissonance theory however overlooks some aspects that characterize it from other theories of cognitive balance (Wicklund and Brehm 3). 2. Go into either “Factcheck.org” or “Politifact.com” and checkout one of the “Pants on fire” presentations. Write a short note why the original claim cannot be substantiated (30 points). The United States of America Congress financial services committee chairman in a house of congress floor speech commented that “members of Congress……are going to be the only people in America to get subsidies in the Obamacare exchanges” (“GOP rep. Jeb Hensarling Assails,” politifact.com). Obama and his allies created a system in which most Americans who have insurance remain on their existing health insurance plans. The marketplaces were created for Americans who lacked insurance entirely. Subsidies in Obamacare were rolled out in October 1st, 2013; the same day the shutdown began. Any American with a specified income range and who purchases insurance on the Obamacare market place will be eligible for subsidies in the form of tax credits. Staffers and legislators do not qualify for the stipulated subsidies or tax credits, since their income is very high. Instead they qualify for employer-cost sharing; that is, employer sponsored health insurance plans that long preceded the Obama care health system. Obamacare is ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (F.I.S.A.) court
The study is a highlighting view on the constitutional aspects for the FISA developed in 1978. This paper seeks how and when this particular piece of law was developed and what specifically led, be it events or cases, to the construction of the FISA. Some details regarding the ‘Keith’ case would also be discussed and how all these gave birth to the constitutional powers embedded in this act alone.
14 Pages(3500 words)Term Paper
Intelligence of the heart
He has produced several art works and writings ranging from the symbol and the symbolic, esotericism and symbol and the temple in man. Other that are known so far include the Egyptian miracle and the monumental otherwise known as the temple of the man, this last piece of art work has since been translated into languages English being among them.
15 Pages(3750 words)Term Paper
Artificial Intelligence
This culminated into extensive research on the creation of intelligent machines. Harris (2010) indicates that the research process has resulted in the creation of smart machines and computers that enhance the creation of artificial intelligence techniques.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
CIA Article Review and Anaylsis
Introduction The September 11, 2001 (9/11) terrorist attacks are largely perceived as attributable to intelligence failure.1 The main contention is that the various arms of US intelligence failed to adequately share and analyse intelligence which would have more likely detected and prevented the 9/11 attacks.2 However, as Robert Clark informs, “we learn more from our failures than from our successes.”3 Failures, as evidenced by official inquiries in the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks lead to rethinking the intelligence process and by doing so, help to make improvements in the “intelligence cycle”.4 The purpose of this study is to analyse the Office of the Inspector General’s (OIG) R
18 Pages(4500 words)Term Paper
The Privatization of Intelligence
The terrorist attacks on the US on September 11, 2001 and the US role in the invasion of Iraq in 2003 gave rise to a number of official inquiries that subsequently revealed significant intelligence failure. As a result, significant changes were introduced impacting the structure and operation of the US intelligence community.
24 Pages(6000 words)Term Paper
Environment vs Heredity on Intelligence
This paper will discuss the influence of nature and nurture on intelligence and demonstrate why nurture is more important than nature in cognitive skills development. The paper will rely on different psychological theories of intelligence development. Environment versus Heredity – Impact on Intelligence Introduction Intelligence is a concept that involves all the cognitive abilities of an individual.
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Theories of Intelligence PS240 WK5
However, there are various theories in explaining the idea of human intelligence, such as Spearman’s Two-factor Theory, Cattell’s Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence, Sternberg’s Triarchic Theory, and Gardner’s Multiple
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper
Image Recognition and Surveillance
Every day, the world is often awakening by threats or attempts of terror attacks by these groups. Hope of fighting these groups is through having prior knowledge of
4 Pages(1000 words)Term Paper
Artifical Intelligence
In fact, AI has already been heavily used in a wide variety of disciplines and applications such as medical, business applications and so on (Millington & Funge, 2009, p. 4). In addition,
5 Pages(1250 words)Term Paper
Emotional Intelligence
In this regard, there has been the need to replace the problem oriented approach with emotional intelligence and appreciative inquiry as a means of achieving improved outcomes. This paper offers a brief description of an issue in a health care setting that requires change,
2 Pages(500 words)Term Paper
Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Surveillance and intelligence for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us