Religion in the ancient Greek was predominantly early paganism, therefore, imitated significant fundamental perceptions as well as ideas of paganism including Druidism, Wicca, and both contemporary and ancient witchcraft…
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Marveling activities were the greatest significant factors of the Greek religion as much emphasis was laid on pleasing their gods so that they could enjoy their lives devoid of oppression and difficulties. Several rituals were conducted as well as rites, sacrifices, and ceremonies were held all in the name of impressing and pleasing the gods. Erection of temples and statues at selected places, were chosen as their holy grounds where they could provide sacrifices to their gods. This paper, examines the role played by the religion in swaying and influencing the ancient laws, arts, as well as the daily life practices by the ancient Greek people. It examines the significance of religion in this ancient Greek society. the Greek society, religion was a significant feature in the cultural practices with the sacrifices and frequent praying to the gods serving as a unifying function of people, with n aim to impressing the gods. They believed in life after death therefore, had faith that after a lifetime, a complete fresh and different life lay ahead of them. Even though the ancient Greek religious practices are practically extinct in their original model, it exists in their culture, religion of the current western practices, as well as their thoughts. In the ancient world, there was not a distinct difference between religion and philosophy entities. Plato 429 - 347 BC "Is that which is holy loved by the gods because it is holy, or is it holy because it is loved by the gods?" 2 "What I say is that 'just' or 'right' means nothing but what is in the interest of the stronger party." 3 The convictions of an average Greek could have been swayed both by the customary faiths and beliefs about their gods as well as the derived thoughts from the philosophers’ teachings. Currently, the teachings by the foremost philosophers such as Socrates and Plato, are often classified as religious presently, which provides the meaning of life, feature of the universe, life after death, and God or gods. Religion provided the structure and regularity for all the features of society and life. Whereas calendars were personal to every city, it was common practice to utilize imitative from the gods’ names to give a name to months. Greek’s religion center of attention was on the consecrated activities as well as customs rather than virtuous convictions and silent praying. The practice of insertion of an individual’s hand on the bible and swearing to it in such places as the courts was an inspiration born in the ancient Greek. In the ancient Greek, all those caught up in a court process, first had to make an appeal to the gods as potential benefactors or punishers, a responsibility then conditional on effectively recognizing the falsehood or truth by the individual who pledged to the oath. Anacharsis - 6th Century BC "Written laws are like a spider's webs; they will catch, it is true, the weak and poor, but would be torn in pieces by the rich and powerful." Connecting with the gods was therefore done in numerous human legal concerns which could vary from basic domestic misunderstandings to interstate agreements. Most prominent portions of Greek literature, The Odyssey and The Iliad included stories about humans’ relations with gods. A number of carvings were created for the purpose of reverence to the gods. Such include the statue of Athena found in Parthenon. Other pieces of hunting pictures, battling views, the portraits of the gods and heroes as well, were commonly represented on the pieces of ceramics. Aristotle 384 - 322 BC; We make war that we may live in peace, Every art and every investigation, and
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For most of them, dreams held a significant place in their memories and they sought guidance or some sort of message from the dreams they had. “The dream is culturally embedded, part of a system of symbols. It may, biologically, be linked with cycles of arousal that are part of a mammalian pattern that precede the development of a cerebral cortex sufficiently complex to make culture possible; but the meaning attributed to it by a culture may ignore arousal and emphasize external message from the gods.” (Parman 2) Dreams may also symbolize good or bad meanings.
When one sees an ancient Egyptian art, he or she could observe the stiff portrayal of the characters involved. The bodies and objects are in one position. It is as if they were fixed in an area when they were drawn by the Egyptian artist. One could think that the positioning of the characters was done for a strict reason.
In ancient Greek religion, the gods were similar to human beings, with full of human emotions and feelings. One can see that, most of the gods in ancient Greek religion can be seen in the Greek literature. The ancient Greeks were deeply interested in the portrayal of their gods as close to human beings, not as the supreme power that controls all.
Ancient Religious Beliefs: Prehistoric to 1500 BC
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The Greeks’ attitudes towards women’s physicality were often dominated by the views that women are weak and inferior to men; therefore, they should belong to their male counterparts as their properties. Consequently, Greek medical science, and concepts about women’s social status and legal manifested the view about women’s inferiority and confirmed their subservience to men.
In addition, it discusses the contribution of renowned actors, in ancient Athens, such as Thespis and Aeschylus. It was around 530 B.C.E in the city of Athens, when the Greek theatre began (Ancient Greece). There was staging of theatrical performances on different occasions and periods in a year, and in honor of various gods and goddesses.
Though classed as an amphora and clearly intended to store and serve some liquid, its shape, if not its function, is far removed from classical amphorae. The vessels appears to be made of light colored clay with its imagery painted on in a darker brown slip.
Athens dramatists were the pioneers who highlighted different human issues in their dramas. Human rights and nature of good, evil, and basic human qualities were being projected through drama during classical period. Dramatist
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His philosophy of life revolves around the nature of change ever present in the material universe. He