An analysis on Alexander the Great's effect on government in Ancient Greece - Research Paper Example

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Name Instructor Class 3 June 2011 Alexander the Great's Effect on Government in Ancient Greece: The Lion and the Fox Alexander III of Macedonia, or Alexander the Great, is known for his fierceness and intelligence as a war general and his strategic beliefs and practices as an emperor…
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An analysis on Alexander the Greats effect on government in Ancient Greece
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Download file to see previous pages He has not planned well ahead in keeping his empire stable and united after his death, but during his life, he instituted changes that amalgamated his subjects, whom many treated and accepted him as their new king. He is perceived as a Machiavellian leader, acting as both lion and fox. This paper explores Alexander the Great’s effect on the government of Ancient Greece from the time he was born until the time he died. His main impacts is that he ruled as a general and as a king, with both ruthlessness and compassion, personally involved himself in designing great cities, encouraged pluralism and co-leadership in his troops and citizenry. Alexander the Great established the kind of government that is ruthless and compassionate at the same time. As an emperor, he is more of a general than a king and he left the administration of his subjugated territories to his own men and some appointed local citizens. Aristotle taught Alexander the Great and from the former’s writings, it seems that Alexander has chosen the kind of leader who is more of a general than an administrator, a king fit for the “heroic times” (Aristotle Book 3, chapter XV). Alexander is prominent for his savage treatment of male inhabitants of some conquered lands, where hundreds or thousands are slaughtered by his men (Alexander 46). Still, Alexander is also a sympathetic general. Compassion is one trait that not all generals have, but which Alexander shows with great emphasis to his men. First, he represents the kind of general who cared for equal training among officers and soldiers. Alexander himself grew not under the auspices of royal care, but under the rigorous training of his father, a tactical war genius himself, King Philip. Caroline Alexander describes the upbringing of Alexander: “Although the son of a king, his upbringing was Spartan” (46). Alexander used to express that his concept of breakfast was a “long march at night,” and “of supper, a light breakfast” (Alexander 46). Alexander grew under the eyes and training of professional soldiers and hunters, from he directly learned a cherished Iliad worldview: “Glory in war was life's highest honor” (Alexander 46). Alexander then also believes that officers and their troops must receive the same training, because the troops will follow a leader more, if he can perform what he expects from his own people. Caroline Alexander interviews Adm. Ray Smith who confirms this belief as part of the Navy SEALs regime training: “We have learned that the key to leadership under the toughest possible circumstances is that officers and men undergo the same training,” because it is reasonable that “Men know their officer is not asking them to do anything he couldn't do, or hasn't done” (Alexander 46). Alexander follows this code to the ground; he makes sure he is the best soldier himself. He leads his cavalry charge at Granicus, for instance, using a prominent white-plumed helmet. Second, Alexander rules with compassion to his own men. He demonstrates empathy for wounded soldiers and this empathy is part of the Macedonian warrior code (Alexander 47). Arrian, the second century A.D. Greek historian whose report of Alexander's campaigns is seen as one of the best of the ancient sources, says: “For the wounded he showed deep concern” (Alexander 47). Arrian writes: “He visited them all and examined their wounds, asking each man how and in what circumstances his ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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