We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Nobody downloaded yet

Aristotle and the humanities - Research Paper Example

Comments (0)
Summary
The Greek philosopher Aristotle made contributions to the humanities through his ideas about art, as well as philosophy, specifically through his ideas regarding ethics and politics.When it came to art,Aristotle’s Poetics was an answer to Plato’s accusation against the artists for their alleged destruction of rational harmony…
Download full paper
GRAB THE BEST PAPER
Aristotle and the humanities
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
Aristotle and the humanities

Download file to see previous pages... The Greek philosopher Aristotle made contributions to the humanities through his ideas about art, as well as philosophy, specifically through his ideas regarding ethics and politics. When it came to art, Aristotle’s Poetics was an answer to Plato’s accusation against the artists for their alleged destruction of rational harmony, as stated in the Republic (Wolff 64). In the field of ethics, Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics provided the basis for showing how to live one’s life in the virtuous way and helped people of his times decide on which things were more important in their lives and what they could do to make them better.Lastly, it is a fact that ancient Greece during Aristotle’s time was a period of confusion – a time of war among city-states who fought for territorial expansion, a time for poverty and slavery, and a time when the nobility never shared their power with their constituents (“Explore Greece”). In order to address the current situation and the pressing need for “order, security and peace” amidst “the turmoil and disaster that had come out of Athenian democracy” (Durant 80), Aristotle wrote his Politics. Aristotle is relevant to the humanities because his works helped address the aesthetic, ethical and political dilemmas surrounding the Greek society in the 4th century BC, and helped shaped the thinking of the Greeks during his time as well as that of the world at present. Aesthetics: Poetics Aristotle’s rationale as to aesthetics is that “art takes us closer to essential form, not farther away” (Wolff 65). He means here that through the study of art and through the study of the works of man, man himself is able to learn a great deal not only about himself but also about his essence. Wolff’s statement further implies that people who observe art, according to Aristotle, may just be observing certain specific things but through which, they can “grasp the real nature of things.” (65) The Poetics also tells the reader about Aristotle’s theory of catharsis, which means that “art has a psychologically healthy effect on the spectator” (64). According to Wolff, this statement implies that art is an effective means of self-expression and one which brings not only wisdom but also release (64). However, these principles contradict those of Plato. In the Republic, Plato criticizes art as something that destroys the rational capacity of man and something that leads him away from the world of forms, which, according to Plato was the real world (64). However, Aristotle maintains that not only does art promote a healthy psychological make-up but that it also leads one to a realization of his essence. These teachings of Aristotle has remained helpful not only to the Greeks of his time but even to the world at present, thus Aristotle’s relevance to the humanities. Ethics: The Nichomachean Ethics Aristotle’s contributions to aesthetics cannot, however, equal those he gave ethics. It is a fact that the ideas of right and wrong, of good and evil, and of morality itself can never be derived from scientific inquiry but only through the humanities, specifically through ethics. Aristotle’s glorious masterpiece on ethics, the Nichomachean Ethics, has provided people the guidelines on how to live a virtuous life since the time of 4th century BC Greece until now. In the Nichomachean Ethics, Aristotle makes it clear that “the good for man is an activity of the soul in accordance with virtue [or] the best and most perfect [virtue]” (Aristotle, Nichomachean Ethics, I.7). This virtue, or moral virtue, that Aristotle has ascribed most of his ethical principles on is “the submission of one’s feelings and outward acts to reason (Kilcullen) since “man, in the Aristotelian system, is a rational animal” (Durant 59). The key words therefore are “rational” and “reason” and it follows that one who abides by the dictates of his reason is one is who is virtuous. This simply means that if one does ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Aristotle Greek Philosopher History
This essay stresses that Aristotle was associated only with physicians and princes. He had no connection with philosophers. The first four phases of his life ended at the age of eighteen when he went to Athens to learn philosophy from Plato. His career was divided into three periods. The first period consisted of the twenty years that he spent in Athens.
9 Pages(2250 words)Research Paper
Polymath a Man of Many Talents
This paper will shed more light on the life and the philosophy of one and only Aristotle. Aristotle's works shaped centuries of philosophy from Late Antiquity through the Renaissance, and even today continue to be studied with keen, non-antiquarian interest. A prodigious researcher and writer, Aristotle left a great body of work.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Aristotle
The nature theory asserts that people’s behaviors or influenced by their genetic makeup or their genetic predispositions. On the other hand, nurture theorists believe that people behave in a certain manner because they are taught to behave so. This is what is known as nurture theory of human behavior.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Aristotle and Cicero Understanding of Friendship
One can observe a long list of philosophers, sociologists, psychologists and other experts that have tried to explore various dimensions of friendship. This paper will attempt to explore and highlight the dissimilarities between the understanding of friendship of Aristotle and Cicero.
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Art and Humanities Project
Its other definition is that, it is an art of organizing or arranging note and sounds so as to create a continuous, melodious, rhythmic and harmonious reminiscent composition. Others still define it as the sharped sounds between silences .
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
Art and Humanities
This includes a letter of introduction, an example of morality in current culture, definition of happiness according to the writer and examples of significant literary works, art, songs, films and a popular item from this present era. A letter of introduction - The C20th and the beginning of C21st saw a series of events like boom and bane phases in the economy, a series of wars especially two world wars and creation of peace in Asian countries like Afghanistan etc.
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Human Rationalism by Aristotle
The reason uses logic and justifies the beliefs and morals of human beings. Rational soul is a form of living thing and is the first actuality of human beings. The rational soul can engage in activities of human beings such as perception, intellect and movement (Dawn 4).
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
Aristotle
Aristotle believed that these were comparable in the sense, that these were arrangements of convenience, wherein additions or subtractions in the notions could be contrived at a theoretical convenience, just so that a link could be established amongst the theoretical construct originally proposed by them.
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Aristotle rhetoric
Aristotle is one of the global icons who advanced the idea of rhetoric as a science although it should not absolutely be considered as such. To make a clear understanding of rhetoric and its use in the present day political process, it would be important to identify
2 Pages(500 words)Research Paper
Humanities (General)
Attending cultural events or experiencing them via accessible forms of media helps in acquiring an experience of the diverse contributions of culture and artistic expressions obtained in a number of communities. In particular,
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Aristotle and the humanities for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us