The researcher of this paper will attempt to discuss Islamabad’s current policy towards Balochistan, specifying the increased aggression towards the Baloch separatist groups including the Baloch Liberation Army (BLA) and the Baloch Armed Defense Organization. …
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This essay discusses that Balochistan makes up one of the four provinces of Pakistan and is made up of about 40% land mass and a 5-7% share of the population. It is rich in natural and mineral resources, but is also one of the poorest in terms of literacy, health, and infrastructure. This region of the world has been subjected to various hardships, mostly in terms of human, economic, and political conflict. Tension has always been apparent between Pakistan and Balochistan since the very first day that Pakistan was recognized as a state. This tension has often led to violent skirmishes in the region with armed incidents apparent in 1948, 1958, 1973, and at present through scattered and numerous insurgent activities. Balochistan has been occupied by Pakistan since 1948; however, with the end of the British rule, various Baloch tribes were more intent on seeking their own nationalistic goals. Each attempt for an independent Balochistan has been denied and pushed back by the Pakistan Army. One of the first insurgent attacks on the central government was led by Khan of Khalat seeking to protect the Baloch tribes from being absorbed by the central government. In the process, he was able to convert the Baloch tribes into a group of scattered and independent tribes into a more united separatist movement. With traumatic face-offs with the Pakistan Army throughout the years, the Baloch separatist movement has been spurred into more violent skirmishes with the central government....
With traumatic face-offs with the Pakistan Army throughout the years, the Baloch separatist movement has been spurred into more violent skirmishes with the central government (Weaver, 93). Before 1970, Balochistan was made up of small political groupings which were governed by nawabs and sardars; these sardars would later give in to bribes and threats from the central government and would agree to join the central Pakistan state (Sabri, 11). President Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and the central government worked with these sardars to establish the rights of Balochistan under a provincial autonomy sanctioned under their 1973 constitution. The possibility of a Baloch provincial government governing Balochistan was even acknowledged by the central government (Blood, 60). Even with this acknowledgement however, Bhutto established strict control over Balochistan by ordering his party, the Pakistan People’s Party to rule over the province. Throughout the years, this pattern of control over the province by the central government has been persistent (Sabri, 11). In effect, the province has had little opportunity to develop as an independent and autonomous region. Although the Baloch crisis has been in existence since Musharraf’s military reign, it is still a persistent issue. The denial of Balochistan’s right to self-determination has been a primary cause for the conflict (Baloch Society of North America, 7). Pakistan security forces have been persistent in their use of brute force and suppressive policies in controlling these separatist groups. With these suppressive policies, Balochistan has been locked within an oppressive system of governance. In reviewing the commitments made by the central
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