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Health and Safety: Exposure to Vibration - Assignment Example

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In the following paper “Health and Safety: Exposure to Vibration” the author describes the nature of occupational vibration exposure and the health effects of exposure to vibration; provides researched examples of affected workers or groups of workers…
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Health and Safety: Exposure to Vibration
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Download file to see previous pages After prolonged use of the machine, the hands and arms get affected.
Vibration is quantified by amplitude or intensity and frequency. Frequency is the number of cycles a vibrating object completes in a second, measured in hertz (Hz). Amplitude is the distance at which the object moves from a stationary position to the extreme position on either side, quantified in meters (m). Speed is used to determine the intensity of vibration and varies from zero to a maximum per cycle of vibration, quantified in meters per second (m/s). Acceleration measures the rate of change of speed with time, quantified in units of meters per second or meters per second squared. It increases whenever a vibrating object moves further from its statutory position. Resonance also plays a critical role in the impact of vibration on the human body. Since each organ has its own resonant frequency, when an employee’s body is exposed to the vibration of similar frequency to a body organ, risks are greatly increased.
Exposure to hazardous levels of vibration is linked to adverse health outcomes. Some of the health problems caused by vibration are back pain, carpal tunnel syndrome, and vascular disorders. Vibration injury is derived from outdoor activities such as farming, transportation, forestry, shipping, and construction. Vibration exposure is divided into two categories: whole-body vibration (WBV) and segmental vibration or hand and arm vibration (HAV). Their sources differ as they affect different parts of the body, of different symptoms.
This is a mechanical vibration transmitted to the human being through part or segment of the body, mostly the hands or arms. Hand-arm vibration causes permanent adverse health effects collectively referred to as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) and specific diseases like carpal tunnel syndrome. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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