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The Causes, Consequences, Risks and Complications of Obesity - Research Paper Example

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The paper "The Causes, Consequences, Risks and Complications of Obesity" states that obesity in adolescents is indeed a serious problem and getting more prevalent and serious. It is a global one.  It is not only a problem in adolescents but as seen the consequences of obesity can be long-term…
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The Causes, Consequences, Risks and Complications of Obesity
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Download file to see previous pages In order to examine the issue of obesity in adolescents and the significance of the problem, we must first have a clear understanding or definition of the term. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2008) points out that obesity is not just a few extra pounds of weight that a person has. They explain that a “child is not considered obese until the weight is at least 10% higher than what is recommended for the height and body type”. This child may also indicate a tendency to gain weight easily, and therefore signal the need for changes in diet and exercise. Obesity commonly begins in the childhood stage between the ages of five and six, and also during the adolescent phase. The frequency of the incidence of obesity in adolescents also is a cause of concern and indication of the need for addressing the issue. Figures for occurrence have been given by various concerned parties, particularly for the US. However, the issue is a global one. The American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry quotes figures between 16 and 33% of children and adolescents as being obese. Merten et al (2008) also claim that 31% of the US population is obese, with a figure of 30.4% and 15.% of adolescents being overweight and obese respectively. These figures they quote from the American Obesity Association. More detailed statistics are provided by Lawrence et al (2010) who show that the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents as being three times higher than it was in the 1980s. According to these authors, prior to the 1980s the percentage of overweight and obese children was only 6.5% for children and 5% for adolescents. By 2004, however, these figures increased to 18.8 % and 17.4 % respectively. They also point out that in addition to these figures, 31% of children under age 18 are at risk of being overweight. The rising incidence of obesity is also seen in many countries including Sweden, China etc. Lawrence et. al. (2010) define obesity as a body mass index for age ranging from 85th to greater than the 95th percentile.  ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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