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The Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport - Assignment Example

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In the paper “The Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport” the author discusses the physiology of this process throughout the body. The reason for this is that the former is carried inside while the latter must be flushed out of the system. However, they follow the same process which peruses of the blood…
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The Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Transport
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Download file to see previous pages This is where hemoglobin comes in. It combines with oxygen reversibly in instances wherein gas is abundant and releases it up in parts wherein oxygen is lacking. Oxygen’s dependency on the hemoglobin is quite fatal in the presence of carbon monoxide. This chemical also binds with the hemoglobin and unfortunately, it can do this at a faster and stronger rate that does oxygen. Hence, carbon monoxide could virtually block out oxygen from being transported in the body resulting in death.
Meanwhile, the carbon dioxide, as waste generated by the cellular activity, has to be transported out of the body and this is achieved through various means by way of certain chemical reactions. One is through the process by which oxygen is delivered to the body by combining with blood’s hemoglobin in order to form a molecule known as the carbamino compound. Then, some percentage of carbon dioxide will interact with, carbonic anhydrase, an enzyme found in the red blood cells. This process results in the conversion of carbon dioxide into carbonic acid. So what happens is that carbon dioxide enters the blood and transported as carbon dioxide, as carbamino compounds, and as bicarbonate.
2. There are three regions that compose the human respiratory system. These are the airways region found in the head; the tracheobronchial part; and the pulmonary or alveolar region. Inhaled air goes through the first region – through the nose/nasal cavity, the pharynx, the epiglottis then the larynx. The next working area would be the lung airways section, which is consisted of the trachea and the bronchi at both sides of the lungs. Finally, the air would pass through the pulmonary vessels or alveolar ducts.
On the other hand, the avian respiratory system is composed of the trachea, the bronchi, anterior and posterior air sacs and the lungs. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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