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Critical Appraisal of a Medical Study - Assignment Example

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The assignment "Critical Appraisal of a Medical Study" presents in a form of questions/answers a review of a paper "Abdominal surgery, pain and anxiety: preoperative nursing intervention" examining the consequences of preoperative nursing intervention towards pain and anxiety related to abdominal surgery…
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Critical Appraisal of a Medical Study
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Download file to see previous pages Both the study and the control groups received routine care like preoperative physical preparation and education about postoperative coughing and breathing. However, the study group received preoperative nursing intervention for pain which the control group did not receive. The intervention was delivered 1-3 days prior to surgery for 20-30 minutes per patient. The contents of the intervention were explanation of the causes of pain and other uncomfortable feelings which are likely to occur in the post-operative period, explanation of the influences of the postoperative pain and the importance of management of pain and early out-of-bed activities, teaching the patients methods to decrease pain with methods which are non-medicinal, encouragement of requests for analgesics in the post-operative period whenever pain is felt and discussion of setting pain control goal, encouragement of expression of various feelings and concerns related to postoperative pain and discomfort, selection of comfortable and favorite non-medicinal mode of pain relief and answering of the questions of the patient. These nursing interventions were administered to the patients and their caregivers in the study group.
The independent variable in the study is the nursing intervention provided to the patient in the study group. The variable is considered as independent because it is provided to all the participants in the study group and is not dependent on the outcome.
The dependent variable is the outcome of the intervention provided. In the study, the dependent variables are anxiety levels of the patients and attitude towards pain. These are dependent variables because they are dependent on the intervention provided.
The data was collected by administering appropriate structured questionnaire in the preoperative and postoperative period. The questionnaire consisted of basic data like personal data, operative data and postoperative data. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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