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(CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO) - Assignment Example

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Public health informatics is the system application of information, computer science, and technology to the public health practice, research, and learning. It is fundamentally an engineering discipline practically controlled by science to accomplish specific tasks. The scope of…
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(CDC) and World Health Organization (WHO)
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The CDC and the World Health Organization (WHO) The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the World Health Organization (WHO)
Q1. Significant milestones in the history of public health informatics
Public health informatics is the system application of information, computer science, and technology to the public health practice, research, and learning. It is fundamentally an engineering discipline practically controlled by science to accomplish specific tasks. The scope of public heath informatics includes the conceptualization, design, development, deployment, refinement, maintenance, evaluation of communication, surveillance for information related to public health. It provides the Comprehensive Assessments for Tracking Community Health (CATCH), which provides chronological methods for performing health needs at the local level. CATCH support appropriate decision-making regarding resource allocation, health care policy development, and strategy implementation leading to the further research of population heath issues (Staggers and Nelson, 2014).
Q2. Similarities and differences between the types of public health records in CDC and WHO
The CDC and the WHO have a common goal of promoting a healthy public and sharing data about chronic diseases and preventing them. The CDC is a central agency that conducts and support health promotion, prevention, and preparedness in America with the aim of improving overall public health. WHO strategically bases to check on the health of its 194 member states globally. Both CDC and WHO uses EHR Electronic health records in data processing for easy manipulation and storage of health data records. The CDC and WHO, recognize the importance of health IT therefore investing in the Public health information networks (PHIN) for perfect sharing of public health information (Jenkins, 2011). Employees can share information about chronic diseases including Ebola, through social media channels. The difference is that, the CDC deals with local data within the US while the WHO is an international body with CDC version to maintain public heath globally including 194 countries.
Q3. Different types of statistics and data available with the CDC and WHO and various research styles
WHO concentrates on annual recording of health-related issues for its 194 Member States. It focuses on the progress designed towards achieving the health-related Millennium development to the member states. WHO deals with the global development goals (MDGs) and related targets checking on the universal health coverage and civil registration coverage. The CDC is an American based center for disease control monitoring and preventing chronic disease and maintaining sound health within America states.CDC helps the American public health with statistics including diseases, pregnancies, births, and mortality. The standard research methods are literature searches, talking with people, focus groups, Personal interviews, mail surveys, email surveys, and internet surveys. Internet and Email Surveys are new and not familiar with people but are efficient and cost effective method of distributing the investigation (Cimino and Shortliffe, 2014).
Q4. Roadblocks experienced in the field of public health informatics since its inception
Many challenges and barriers face the healthcare providers in the implementation of health information exchange Health Information Exchanges (HIEs).The most common factor influencing Public Health Information (PHI) financial instability. The technology incorporated in healthcare sector is quite costly to maintain prohibiting the expansion of the HIE. Patient authorization consent is one of the challenges to HIE because authorization is testing the ability of EMR system functions across healthcare technology platforms. There is unsteady data exchange through organized states and regional HIEs because of lack of electronic reporting for public and population health measurements.
Q5. Salient issues facing the field of health informatics today
Disparity in health care provision is the greatest challenge confronting the Global health agencies. For instance, many populations suffer because of racial and ethnic discriminations, regional, segregation and disability. In addition, coordination of global health efforts during disaster and epidemics arising from regulated cross-border movements is another salient issue. Poor communication and interface between the healthcare providers and the patients is also a factor limiting public health informatics.
Q6. Various web-based data query programs that are available for different states.
The CWHSP data query program, which is a federal mandated worker-monitoring program for underground coal miners. Its intent is to prevent early Coal Workers Pneumoconiosis (CWP) from being chronic. WISQARS is a web-based injury statistics query and reporting system, an online database that provides fatal, non-fatal, and nonfatal injury, violent death, and cost of injury data from a trusted source. The CDC WONDER, which is an online database using a rich query system for analysis of public health data (Aspray and Hayes, 2010).
References
Hayes, B. M., & Aspray, W. (2010). Health informatics: A patient-centered approach to diabetes. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.
In Nelson, R., & In Staggers, N. (2014). Health informatics: An interprofessional approach.
In Shortliffe, E. H., & In Cimino, J. J. (2014). Biomedical informatics: Computer applications in health care and biomedicine. Print.
Jenkins, W. D. (2011). ik. Sudbury, Mass: Jones and Bartlett. Read More
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