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Measurements and Instruments for a Quantitative Research Plan Grade Course (3rd, April. 2013) Measurements and Instruments for a Quantitative Research Plan Quantitative Research refers to the investigation and measurement of social phenomena, through the use of computational, statistical and mathematical techniques (Black, 1999)…
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The second aspect that needs to be considered, while undertaking a Quantitative Research, is the reliability of the instruments selected for use. This aspect deals with the consistency of the instruments applied, to investigate whether such instruments fully measure what they are supposed to measure (Creswell, 2009). Validity is yet another vital consideration that should be made while selecting the appropriate instruments to be applied in a Quantitative Research. Validity refers to the degree and extent to which, the instrument applied performs as expected. The concept of full validity is rarely achievable, necessitating its measure, in terms of percentage that the instrument measures to the expectation (Black, 1999). Therefore, to incorporate all the three aspects of practicality, reliability and validity in assessing the suitability of the instruments applicable in a Quantitative Research, there is a need to select a research instrument that is comprehensive, and that covers the entire population characteristics. Suitable measurement and instrument for the Quantitative Research Plan In consideration of the above requirements for a suitable instrument for Quantitative research, a Cross-Sectional Study has been selected as the most suitable instrument for the study. A Cross-Sectional Study refers to a research method that is applied to observe the whole population and its various characteristics, or at least a sub-set of the population, as opposed to merely selecting a small sample of the population to be representative of the whole (Babbie, 2011). Strengths and limitations of the measurement instrument This instrument of measurement is suitable for application in a Quantitative Research, since it helps to investigate a certain social phenomenon in the whole population, or a combination of several phenomena and characteristics that are exhibited by the population. The greatest advantage of the applying this instrument of measurement is that it ensures that the whole population is covered, and that different characteristics exhibited by the population are put into consideration (Babbie, 2011). The reliability and validity of any study, is highly dependent on the percentage of the population that the study has put into consideration, to arrive at certain conclusions. The greater percentage of the population is covered, the higher are the reliability and validity of the study. Therefore, considering that a Cross-Sectional Study covers the whole population, or at least a subset of the population, it stands higher chances of being reliable and valid, as an instrument of measure for use in Quantitative Research. This informs why a Cross-Sectional Study was selected as the suitable instrument for this study. However, the limitation of Cross-Sectional Study as an instrument of measure used in Quantitative Research is that it requires much time, resources and management, since it is destined to cover the entire population, or at least a sizeable sub-set of the population (Babbie, 2011). Additionally, considering that it can be applied to measure several attitudes and characteristics of social phenomenon, it is associated with a high degree of generalization. Scale that is appropriate for use in Quant
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