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Depression Relationship to Medical Illness - Coursework Example

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The present research aims to put forward the fact that diabetes and depression are interrelated. Therefore, the writer of this paper will examine various conducted studies and works regarding the theme in order to investigate depression Relationship to Medical Illness…
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Depression Relationship to Medical Illness
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Download file to see previous pages In a research carried out by Engum et al in 2001, a strong co-morbidity relationship was established between depression and diabetes and several factors affecting this link were highlighted. Depression prevalence rates were found to be increased in the population suffering from diabetes as compared to the non-diabetic population. Some factors which were related to type 2 Diabetes and depression occurrence included education, physical conditions and individual complaints. Diabetic population who had presented with a lack of education or had poor education and reduced physical activity or disability showed increased rates of depression. Another important conclusion was the existence of co-morbid chronic diseases with diabetes and its effect on the depressive symptoms. People who were suffering from chronic illnesses along with diabetes like cardiovascular diseases, hypertension showed increased rates of depression as well.
The study of Mezuk et al in 2010 highlighted the bi-directional nature of the link between the two conditions. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder and the incidence that it is a risk factor for directly causing depression is quite low. It can cause depression because of the threat and warnings this illness carries and the serious lifestyle changes an individual has to make in order to avoid the complications of Diabetes. Depression on the other hand exhibits an increased incidence of causing diabetes. It is caused by behavioral changes and lack of healthy habits. like increased food intake, alcoholism or smoking. It can lead to abnormal activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary and adrenal gland system along with excessive cytokine production which can cause insulin resistance, an important pathological change occurring in diabetes type 2. The association of depression with obesity also indicates the link with diabetes. Central obesity is a potential cause of glucose intolerance in the diabetic patients. The results of the study showed that the relative risk for depression linked with diabetes was 1.15. On the other hand, the relative risk for diabetes caused by depression was 1.60. Hence, depression builds a ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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