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Is Complementary and Alternative Medicine Safe and Effective in Palliative Care - Literature review Example

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Is Complementary and Alternative Medicine Safe and Effective in Palliative Care? Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 1. Introduction 2 1.1 What is meant by Complementary and Alternative Medicine? 2 1.1.1Types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2 1.1.2Herbal Medicine 3 1.2Palliative Care 4 1.2.1Terminal Cancer 4 1.3Measure of Safety and Effectiveness of Treatment in Palliative Care 5 1.4Literature Review 5 1.4.1 Search Strategy 9 1.4.2 Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria 10 1.5Summary 10 1.6References 10 1…
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Download file to see previous pages However, the general definition is that CAM is a group of products, services and practices that are not considered to be part of conventional or Western medicine (NCCAM, 2011). Whereas conventional medicine is practiced by registered, qualified doctors, nurses and other health professionals, conventional medicine is typically administered by those with less formal qualifications (Astin, 1998). It should be noted that the difference between conventional medicine and CAM is not distinct and certain CAM practices may become considered conventional over time (Micozzi, 2007). 1.1.1 Types of Complementary and Alternative Medicine There are many types of CAM. Most popular are dietary supplements, which include probiotics and non-vitamin natural products (NCCAM, 2011). These are generally consumed on a regular basis and are normally considered preventative rather than curative (Dalen, 1998), although this is not always the case. These dietary supplements are now so common that they can be purchased in almost any supermarket. Another important type of CAM is known as mind and body medicine. Like dietary supplements, these are used by many on a regular basis and are generally thought to be preventative (Dalen, 1998), although an increase in mind and body medicine after certain diagnoses is not uncommon (Astin, 1998). This group includes activities such as yoga and meditation, which can be carried out as an individual, and hypnotherapy and acupuncture which are generally carried out by someone specialising in the technique (Micozzi, 2007). Additionally, there are body-based practices that require some form of qualification to become recognized. This includes the highly controversial chiropractic medicine and massage therapy. These areas tend to be considered more mainstream forms of CAM and can be recommended by a practitioner of conventional medicines (Dalen, 1998). There are other forms of CAM, which include movement therapies (such as the Alexander technique), as well as healing therapy sessions by traditional healers, which have become popular in the last few decades (Dalen, 1998). Many of these types of CAM have origins in Eastern medicine and tend to focus on a holistic sense of healing for the patient. 1.1.2 Herbal Medicine Herbal medicine refers to a wide range of practices that fall under the CAM umbrella, but refers generally to the use of plant-derived products as medications (Astin, 1998). Many medications that are now used within conventional medicine have their roots in herbal medicine, with perhaps up to 122 commonly used medications having the same or similar formula as their traditional relative (Dalen, 1998), including opium, quinine and aspirin. Herbal medicine has roots in both Eastern and Western traditional medicines and is constantly evolving, and is one of the most popular types of CAM because of the low cost and easy attainment of the products (Bent, 2008). Products that come within the herbal medicine bracket can be bought in a number of high street stores and supermarkets, perhaps testimony to their popularity. 1.2 Palliative Care Palliative care refers to a set of medicines and treatments that are used for the prevention and relief of suffering in the patient, rather than for any curative reason (Twycross, 2003). This type of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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