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Dental Public Health Prevention Plan - Assignment Example

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There is a definite relation between sugar consumption and dental caries. Sugars and other fermentable carbohydrates are hydrolyzed by salivary amylase and provide a perfect environment for cariogenic bacteria to grow and flourish, which results in teeth demineralization…
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Dental Public Health Prevention Plan
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Download file to see previous pages Sugars and other fermentable carbohydrates are hydrolyzed by salivary amylase and provide a perfect environment for cariogenic bacteria to grow and flourish, which results in teeth demineralization. Children, between the ages of 6 and 12 years consume soft drinks, fruit juices, cookies and sweet candy, all of which can result in high rates of dental caries. Hashim, Williams & Thomson found that children who ate snack food items more than three times a day had 33% higher DMFT (decayed, missing and filled teeth) scores than those who ate snacks only once a day. Children who ate snacks more frequently than three times a day had 49% higher DMFT scores than those who ate snacks the least. The study also revealed that the mean DMFT score for 6 to 12-year-old children was 4.5 and children from poor socio-economic backgrounds and least educated households had higher DMFT score than others. Therefore, the eating habits of children, especially the consumption of sweet snack food and drinks, are a major contributor to the occurrence of the high rate of dental caries in children. ...
m sugar and sorbitol with those made from xylitol is a promising option, since xylitol has been found to have powerful anti-cariogenic and tooth protecting properties (Lam, Riedy, Coldwell, Milgrom, & Craig, 2000). Xylitol has been found to significantly reduce Streptococcus mutans levels in saliva and plaque, which is the main cause for tooth decay (Lynch & Milgrom, 2003). In fact, children whose mothers were treated with xylitol were found to have significantly lower levels of S mutans and about 70% reduction in tooth decay than the children whose mothers were treated with chlorhexine or fluoride varnish (Soderling, Isolangas, Pienihakkinen, Tenovuo, & Alanen, 2001). Xylitol, a naturally occurring substance, has also been rated safe by the FDA and World Health Organization and has been endorsed by the national dental associations, health care organizations and healthcare professionals all over the world. Goals:- The goals for this dental public health plan are: 1. Improve the dental health of 6 – 12 year old children in seven schools in the urban school districts of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. 2. Provide a safe and efficient solution to reduce dental caries among 6 – 12 year old children in seven schools in the urban school districts of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Objectives:- The objectives of the dental public health plan are: 1. Decrease the number of decayed tooth among 6-12 year old children in the seven urban school districts of Oklahoma City, OK by 50% by the end of the three year program. 2. Educate 6-12 year old children in the seven urban school districts of Oklahoma City about healthy food habits. Activities:- During the first year, 1333 children from the first to the fourth grade from the selected schools (mentioned later in this section) schools will be ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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