Our website is a unique platform where students can share their papers in a matter of giving an example of the work to be done. If you find papers matching your topic, you may use them only as an example of work. This is 100% legal. You may not submit downloaded papers as your own, that is cheating. Also you should remember, that this work was alredy submitted once by a student who originally wrote it.
DYSARTHRIA IN STROKE PATIENTS Dysarthria: The struggle of Stroke Patients against Motor-Speech Dysfunction Name University Professor Date Abstract Dysarthria usually occurs after damage to the central or peripheral nervous system transpired following brain injury, or commonly a post-stroke feature…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
Extract of sample "Dysarthria: the Struggle of Stroke against Motor=Speech Disfunction"
Download file to see previous pages
The impact of this disorder to the stroke patient may vary uniquely depending on the extent and severity of the condition along with the modes of rehabilitation and treatment. Dysarthria: The struggle of Stroke Patients against Motor-Speech Dysfunction Dysarthria is a motor-speech disorder. Barnes, Dobkin & Bogousslavsky (2005) defined this as a condition resulting from impairments of any one or more of the speech subsystems of phonation, articulation, resonance and prosody. Brain injury specifically due to CVA (Cerebrovascular Accident) or popularly known as stroke may cause the muscles of the face, mouth and respiratory system to weaken or even impede its movement, therefore, causing the individual to exert further effort just to speak. The common causes of dysarthria according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2011) include stroke, head injury, cerebral palsy, and muscular dystrophy. Both children and adults can have dysarthria. This paper will give emphasis to dysarthria experienced by stroke patients; its signs and symptoms, classification, diagnosis, therapy and rehabilitation along with the goals of treatment and social support that can be provided for those suffering from this disorder. Signs and Symptoms of Dysarthria The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (2011) mentioned several symptoms of dysarthria depending on the scope and site of damage to the nervous system. These include slurred speech, speaking quietly or hardly capable to murmur, sluggish speed of speech, brisk rate of speech with a faltering feature, restricted tongue, lip and jaw movement, atypical accent when talking, variation in vocal quality, huskiness, breathiness, drooling or poor control of saliva, chewing and swallowing problems. Classifications of Dysarthria Tanner (2008), along with Barnes, Dobkin & Bogousslavsky (2005) and McNeil (2009) cited several types of dysarthria. These include Spastic, Flaccid, Hypokinetic, Hyperkinetic, Ataxic, Pure or Isolated, Unilateral Upper Motor Neuron and Mixed Dysarthria. Barnes, Dobkin & Bogousslavsky (2005) differentiated the mentioned categories based on speech features and common lesion location. Spastic Dysarthria In this kind of dysarthria, the speech characteristics observed in the patient include vague consonants, monopitch, reduced stress, and harsh vocal quality. Mcneil (2009) also adds that the voice could be weak and unsteady in this type of dysarthria. The usual lesion site illustrates bilateral upper motor neuron pyramidal tract lesions. Flaccid Dysarthria The salient feature of this kind of dysarthria according to Godefroy & Bogousslavsky (2007) is evident hypernasality with nasal emission of air, continuous breathiness during phonation and perceptible inspiration. Lower motor neuron lesions are evident in the brainstem in flaccid dysarthria. Kirshner (2007) mentioned that this type of dysarthria is apparent in any disorders with bilateral lesions involving the corticobulbar tracts; frequently, seen in bilateral stroke. Hypokinetic Dysarthria This variety is typically seen in patients with Parkinson’s disease; however, strokes affecting the basal ganglia may emulate this type. McNeil (2009) stressed that due to imprecise consonant articulation; intelligibility deficits may occur or may be present in this dysarthria type. In addition, Godefroy and
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
(“Dysarthria: the Struggle of Stroke against Motor=Speech Disfunction Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1432163-dysarthriaa-motor-speech-disorder-in-stroke
(Dysarthria: The Struggle of Stroke Against Motor=Speech Disfunction Research Paper)
“Dysarthria: The Struggle of Stroke Against Motor=Speech Disfunction Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1432163-dysarthriaa-motor-speech-disorder-in-stroke.
Cited: 0 times
CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Dysarthria: the Struggle of Stroke against Motor=Speech Disfunction
Choral speech is a phenomenon in stuttering where two speakers produce the same material simultaneously. During the choral speech, all stuttering behaviors are absent. This may be due to a centrally based neural mechanism that pairs speech perception and production as interchangeable forms of action recognition and execution (Saltuklaroglu & Kalinowski, 2003).
Antistammering devices use similar electronically derived permutations of choral speech, which allows the user to hear their own voice with a slight time delay and/or a pitch shift, creating the illusion of another individual speaking at the same time (MPTAC, 2006).
Initial therapy is without the use of DAF, where the stutterer is trained to use a s...
The significant rhetoric of the speech necessitates an in-depth evaluation. We would be doing a critical analysis of the speech to find out the cause and effect of the text.
The text of the speech has been cleverly designed to influence special human traits like forgiveness, compassion, repentance, and patriotism. President Clinton has made conscientious effort to identify himself as a common man with inherent weaknesses which he genuinely wants to atone for. The semantics used and the objective of the speech, therefore, require ideological criticism and we would be doing so by applying Rhetorical theory with cluster criticism.
Prior to making the September 11 speech, President Clinton was undergoing tremendo...
The last few years saw his waning popularity with the journalists, ultimately resulting in his disillusionment and resentment towards the media for their alleged mistreatment and misrepresentation of his political decisions. When Blair spoke at Reuters, it was like confronting the lion at his den because time and again, he came back to lash at their role as a public prosecutor and raised many pertinent questions at the ways and means of the journalists to present their version of the news to the public at large. His reference to “so much cynicism about politics and public life” reinstates the cause for it! But again “it does mean that to understand cynicism it is sensible, to begin with, analysis before we c...
It is obvious from the stated facts that she was aware at all times during the time of the design, construction and the building process itself and the objections raised by her at the time of invoice are absolutely belated. At this juncture, her refusal to pay for the construction, therefore, seems to be a breach of contract.
However, the regulation covers an important aspect of human values since it is concerned with the safety of wild animals and the risks posed to it by the construction of a pool with unsafe parameters. If the sole criterion of this concern for wildlife safety is considered it becomes difficult to associate it with either the location of the pool within an urban or rural area and Samantha’s con...
We are not able to see the world in its entirety and get separated from Tao, unable to find the way. This position is explained in Chapter II, demonstrating how Dao, the great law, makes things equal. Chapters IV, XI, XIII, and XXII add much to our understanding of the essence of speech. The philosopher also dwells on the significance of silence. In Chapter XXVII the author demonstrates that properly organized speech of the wise serves the great purpose of human education and enlightening. Speech is the major instrument of human communication and cognition, must be used properly.
Speech is very powerful. With its help, humans can narrate events, and draw pictures so vivid and great that listeners are astonished. With th...
It was only in 1927 when GM overtook Ford in sales that Henry Ford felt the need to innovate Model A that was more in tune with the times (Cattlel, 2000). Today, Ford Motor Company is the biggest family-controlled auto-manufacturer with number three spots in the list of world’s biggest manufacturers and sellers of vehicles. In, 2007, for the first time in 56 years, Ford was relegated to the third spot from second by the Toyota of Japan. Ford manufactures cars, trucks, and SUVs in the brand range of Ford, Mercury, Lincoln, Volvo, and Mazda. Ford’s s distinctly home-spun variety economy class Mondeo and Mustangs sold the world over, and Lincoln stands for luxury and elegance. Lincoln Motor Company was the first stra...
This struggle has historically affected four ethnic groups namely, native Americans, African Americans, Chicanos and Asian Americans. In the end, it is the hope of this paper that a better understanding and a more concrete application of the US ideology of “equality for all under the law”(Bush, 2003, p 48) be attained for ethnic groups in particular and the entire humanity in general. The struggle for civil rights during the 1950s onward was a” product of the post World War II world” (Bush, 2003, p. 48). The human world was in a condition of social unrest that even the United States of America was not exempted. The struggle for civil rights in the US is the logical consequence of the long historica...
Prior to 1945, there was no unified international prohibition on a unilateral resort to force and the UN Charter sought to radicalize international politics through a general prohibition on the use of unilateral force by member states. The prohibition was officially enshrined in Article 2(4) of the Charter, which provides that: “All member states shall refrain in their international relations from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any state, or in any other manner inconsistent with the Purposes of the United Nations”(UN Charter Article 2(4) 1945). Despite the purported ban on the unilateral use of force, the parameters of Article 2(4)’s applicabili...
She suffered sleeplessness and panic attacks after this and was diagnosed with reactive depression. She told her brother, Ian, who saw Boris in the local pub and threw his beer glass into Boris’s face. The glass broke and Boris lost the sight in one eye as a result. Explain what non-fatal offences may have been committed here. It is also necessary to consider the Sexual Offences Act 2003 as the act of the hypnotist could be regarded as a sexual1.
The most minor assault is common assault as described by s39 Criminal Justice Act 1988. Under s39 an assault is committed if a person assaults another or commits a battery. An assault has been defined as when a person intentionally or recklessly causes another to app...
According to the World Health Organization, stroke is a condition that occurs due to the interruption of the supply of blood to the brain. It usually occurs as a result of blood vessels bursting or blocking by a clot. It can be termed as a cerebral vascular disorder as it affects the brain and the blood vessels. Its effects result in the death of the area in the brain tissue (WHO, 2008). Stroke is one of the leading deaths in developed countries. In Australia, stroke is the most second cause of death. Nearly sixty thousand strokes occur every year. As metabolic and cardiovascular diseases incidence increase with age, older people are likely to experience strokes. Age forms, the most&...
6 Pages(1500 words)Assignment
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the research paper on your topic
"Dysarthria: the Struggle of Stroke against Motor=Speech Disfunction"
with a personal 20% discount.