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Biomechanial analysis of a tennis backhand stroke - Term Paper Example

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Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Biomechanical analysis of a tennis backhand stroke Introduction Indeed tennis is a healthy game and when played, various body muscles come into play and the movement of the body itself could be analysed scientifically…
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Biomechanial analysis of a tennis backhand stroke

Download file to see previous pages... This paper addresses the analysis of muscles that take part in the carrying out of the execution of a tennis backhand by use of the right hand when making a shot. The movement also involves the very action of the backhand of the tennis, movement of the leg muscles and the other parts of the body (Goktepe 2491-2496). Tennis backhand motion This is the motion that goes in the opposite direction to the forehead of the tennis. In this kind of motion, there is a reflex action experienced by the forearm around the elbow and its biceps. Flex is actually the folding and the unfolding of the right arm. To have the best backhand motion, one need to move a combination of the horizontal abduction and the external rotation of that arm which is bent, the right arm. Arms are normally bent crossing the abdominal area. The arms then have to flex laterally over the elbow and then there is folding of the arm across the player’s body. This is usually below the muscles of the chest. The movement involved here entails the backswing and the subsequent unfolding of these muscles making a forward swing. Research has shown that in this process, the upper, medial and the lower arm perform a very crucial role during this backhand motion of the right hand. This motion helps in the increment realized in the force and full power seen while hitting the tennis ball. However, this is not the only source that provides this force and power. The support received from the feet and other parts of the body play a crucial role in the whole process. At this juncture, a very symmetrical footwork is quite necessary for the sole purpose of strengthening and empowering the backhand. While doing this, causing movement to the right hand side means that there must be a step made by the right foot followed by the left and the reverse is also true (Bahamonde, 42-63). The important role played by the legs could be explained from the point of view of the early movement of the back foot in a forward direction so as to help fix the person playing in a position of balance, mitigating against any form of side steps making him or her reach the ball, and then pushing the momentum of the body to give an impact into the power of the ball’s shot. For this purpose, it has been established that the back foot dominates in the initiating the motion of the backhand by enabling the movement of the other foot backwards to create a source of shot power. When we get away from the foot and the arm, we establish the support given by the power generated from the torso. This comprises of the balance, weight movement, and angular turn of the torso to the right so as to generate a more powerful form of force. This shifting of the torso leading to the shift of the entire body weight to give a needed power to the stroke made by the backhand entails a linear shift in the weight towards the ball (Ivythesis). In the process the hips and body rotation also gives more power to the shot. With the swing of the back leg, rotation of the body is usually tolerated. To wrap up the movement discussion, it has been noted that the right arm’s muscles together with those of the arms are normally put in a flex position whenever a backhand short is to be executed. The body weight, torso, hips and legs all play a vital role as has been explained above in giving power to the shot by the right hand (Ivythesis). Muscles that take part in the backhand motion of the right hand When we look at the actions undertaken by the right hand while ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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