Coronary Artery Disease Overview of the Disease: Coronary artery disease happens to be the most significant cause of death of people in United States. According to the records maintained by the American Heart Association, number of people in US that have some form of coronary artery disease is more than 15 million (The New York Times, 2011)…
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Common causes of coronary artery disease are diabetes, high level of bad cholesterol, low level of good cholesterol, high blood pressure, obesity, menopause, lack of sufficient exercise and smoking. Causes of Coronary Artery Disease: The most common cause of coronary artery disease is a condition known as atherosclerosis. In this condition, the walls of arteries start to thicken with the deposition of fatty material and plaque. The building up of plaque along the internal wall of arteries causes them to become narrow. The narrowing of coronary arteries slows down the flow of blood to the heart. As a result of this, the patient feels pain in the chest and may have a heart attack. Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease: In both men and women, discomfort or chest pain is the most obvious symptom of coronary artery disease. However, the symptoms are more varied in women as compared to men. Women may suffer from shortness of breath, pain in jaw or back, and nausea. Some patients are too unfortunate to seek help in time because in their cases, heart attack comes as the first and only symptom of the coronary artery disease. People, for whom heart attack is the first symptom of coronary artery disease often have insufficient flow of blood to the heart muscle. This condition is known as silent ischemia. The heart attack to such patients is also known as “silent heart attack” (WebMD, 2011). Coronary artery disease most commonly shows up in the chest pain. This is referred to as Angina. Angina shows up in heaviness, feeling of pressure, discomfort, tightness, weight, squeezing, or the feeling of burning in the chest. In order to describe the pain, most patients put their fist onto the chest. However, the patient can not exactly locate the region of pain. The chest pain is mild in the start, but becomes intense in a matter of minutes. Although it starts in the chest, Angina gradually spreads to various other parts of the body including left arm, lower jaw, neck, left shoulder, mid-back, or lower region of the right arm. Angina may cause numbness in one or more of these organs. Angina is fundamentally instigated by activities that cause the heart to do intense work. While doing more work, the heart needs increased supply of oxygen than the narrowed arteries usually do. Such activities include but are not limited to use of amphetamines or cocaine, smoking, heavy meal, strenuous exercise, or sudden emotions of fear, anger, or emotional distress. The chest pain is of two types as discussed below: 1. Atypical chest pain – is sharp and quick. It occurs and goes. The patient may feel pain in the left side of the chest, back, arm, or abdomen. This type of pain is not related to exercise, and is also not relieved by medicines or rest. This type of chest pain is more common among women than men. 2. Typical chest pain – makes one feel heavy. The patient feels like someone is squeezing him/her. It is mostly felt under sternum i.e. the breast bone. Typical chest pain occurs with emotion or activity. Adequate rest helps relieve the pain. A medicine called nitroglycerin also helps relieve the pain. In a vast majority of cases, women seek clinical help later as compared to men. Women tend not to bother others or tend to ignore the pain until it becomes unbearably severe. However, to be safe is better than to be sorry. Therefore, medical help should be taken whenever the
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(Coronary Artery Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words)
“Coronary Artery Disease Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1425810-coronary-artery-disease.
Imbalance between demand and supply of oxygen to the muscles of heart can occur either due to decreased supply of oxygen to the heart muscle or due to increased oxygen demand, or both. The main cause for ischemia of the muscles of the heart is coronary artery disease and hence ischemic heart disease and coronary artery disease are often used synonymously.
Coronary heart disease has become one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in the United States. With the increased rates of obesity and intake of processed and high cholesterol foods, this issue will likely continue to prevail in US society. In fact, coronary heart disease (CHD) or coronary artery disease (CAD) is said to affect about 14 million people in the United States alone (WebMD, p.
Smoking and Risk of Cardiac Disease. Cardiac disease is a major contributor for mortality and morbidity all over the world including the United States. One of the devastating consequences of heart disease is massive heart attack which has almost 100 percent mortality.
Coronary Artery Disease - Pathophysiology and Management Introduction Coronary heart disease is also commonly known as coronary artery disease. It is a condition in which plague builds inside the coronary arteries (Cohen & Hasselbring, 2007). These arteries supply oxygenated blood to the heart muscles.
Poor adherence to long term therapies compromises treatment effectiveness. As a result, the health of the population becomes a crucial issue from the perspective of health economics and quality of life. Any interventions directed to improve adherence should be affordable through secondary and primary interventions.
Coronary artery disease arises due to the buildup of plaques in the coronary arteries that lead to blockages. This is a state known as atherosclerosis (Brubaker, 2001). The arteries, which start out as elastic and smooth, become rigid and narrow. This restricts blood circulation to the heart (Brubaker, 2001).
Secondly, it outlines the compatibility of the Helen Fuld School of Nursing conceptual framework with the values of the coronary artery bypass surgery nursing. Thirdly, it explores the role of the nurse in detail during different phases of the surgery. Next, it reports the findings of an evidence-based study into the problem.
With rapid globalization, in many parts of the world, this is increasingly becoming the typical picture, and this disease is the most prevalent serious disease in elderly individuals of the developed Western nations. Therefore, in this context, it would be worthwhile to examine how this disease develops and how it manifests itself.
The idea of this research emerged from the author’s interest and fascination in how the social determinants of the disease in Merced County compared to California and the US. This research aims to evaluate and present a comparison of health outcomes related to the problem and the ongoing interventions or programs addressing this health condition in Merced County.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
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