Gastroschisis is found in infants with a congenital defect in the anterior abdominal wall (Torfs et al, 1996), essentially a type of congenital hernia. The defect is in the form of a hole which arises during development in the womb…
Download file to see previous pages...
Gastroschisis is found in infants with a congenital defect in the anterior abdominal wall (Torfs et al, 1996), essentially a type of congenital hernia. The defect is in the form of a hole which arises during development in the womb. From this hole, the bowel commonly escapes and can being to develop outside the abdomen (Allen & Wrenn, 1969). The size of the hole is usually small, around 4cm (Feldcamp et al, 2007;Yoshioka et al, 2004) and is most commonly to the right of the join between the umbilical cord and the outer stomach (Yoshioka et al, 2004). The prevalence of gastroschisis is fairly high (around 1 in every 7000-10000 births, depending on several factors [Hougland et al, 2005]) and, combining this with the generally small size of the legion, the problem is usually fairly easily fixed after birth (Loane et al, 2007). The causes of gastroschisis are currently unknown (Laughon et al, 2003) but there are a few theories in development. For example, the inhalation of paint fumes or similar during pregnancy can lead to gastroschisis (Snyder, 1999). Women who bear the children of more than one man are more likely to have children with the condition also (Thompson et al, 2002). Gastroschisis is commonly found in children of low birth weight (Snyder, 1999) and as such many of the causes of this have been suggested as possible causes, such as young maternal age, smoking or drug use during pregnancy or complications such as infection during the carriage (Loane et al, 2007). ...
Gastroschisis is commonly found in children of low birth weight (Snyder, 1999) and as such many of the causes of this have been suggested as possible causes, such as young maternal age, smoking or drug use during pregnancy or complications such as infection during the carriage (Loane et al, 2007). There are also genetic reasons for gastroschisis occurrence. The inheritance of this condition is autosomal recessive, meaning that it is not sex-linked and both parents must carry the mutation (Hwang & Kousseff, 2004). The environmental causes above may also lead to a genetic gastroschisis in that they can cause sporadic mutation leading to the condition (Yang et al, 1992). There are several ways in which the condition is thought to develop. These are as follows: There may be a rupture of the amniotic ring which causes a herniation of the bowel (Langer et al, 1993); There may be an abnormal folding of the body wall which causes the ventral wall to develop a defect, causing the hole through which the bowel can escape and develop (Feldkamp et al, 1997); There is a failure to incorporate the yolk sac during development (Langer et al, 1993); There is an abnormal development of either umbilical vein which causes a weakening of the umbilical link to the body wall and thus the characteristic hole (Tibboel et al 1986); And a failure of the mesoderm to develop correctly (Wilson & Johnson, 2004). Again, there are many hypotheses and none of these have been conclusively proven, nor may the cause be the same in all cases of gastroschisis. Diagnosis of Gastroschisis One of the main ways of diagnosing this condition is by prenatal ultrasound (Contro et al, 2010). The
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Depending on the nature of the pressure ulcer, common treatments include relieving pressure, restoring circulation, and resolution or management of related disorders. However, prevention still remains as the most potent intervention which significantly reduces the chances of undergoing excruciating long-term therapy.
In this paper, current practices related to the use of oral sucrose in the relief of pain in preterm infants will be reviewed and compared based on the methods and validity of the results. Furthermore, implications for the current guidelines will also be discussed along with the knowledge gaps that require further research.
The practice then was to use opioids which have multiple adverse effects (AEs): constipation, urinary retention, vomiting/nausea, allergic reactions, confusion, sedation, respiratory depression, and hypotension. These AEs increased the cost of hospitalization and delayed the recovery of patients.
The reader can easily identify the key phenomenon, which in this case is pain management in hospitalized patients with cancer. The reader can also identify the target group, which is under study, which in this article are hospitalized patients with cancer under pain management.
Although the protocols of e-mail, text and chat-rooms have been around for almost 30 years, perfecting their uses to achieve effective communication in many ways lags behind the technological advancements. The age of electronic communication in international business has changed the way people are interacting, meeting and communicating.
Even though this particular breast reconstruction technique is fairly safe, some of the postoperative breast cancer patients who had mastectomy and LD flap breast reconstruction are complaining about myofascial pain and lower extremities dysfunction. Up to the present time, there is no existing research study that has tried to discuss and identify the main factors that causes myofascial pain and lower extremities dysfunction after going through LD flap breast reconstruction.
According to the report findings available pharmacological drugs regimes are commonly used to relieve pain in cancer patients and they include non-opioids, opioids and agonist analgesics. As pharmacological drugs become ineffective in relieving cancer pain, attention is shifting towards non-pharmacological pain relief intervention.
This paper investigates Young Designers Preference. This dissertation attempts to find out the actual preferences of the young designers of modern times, in other words, what the young fashion designers actually prefer more - the live catwalk fashion shows or the newer concept, visual fashion shows. Visual shows could be categorized into two types.
However, recent years have seen mounting violence and threats of separatism based on the oil and gas resources of the nation. More prominently, the Kurdish camp to Iraq’s north is eyeing separatism within a realm of possibility by colluding with regional elements to frame a free Kurdistan.
In this Chapter of this research paper, the methods and procedures used in the development of research results will be discussed. The chapter will address the research design, the ethical considerations, the treatment of collected data, as well as the limitations of the study. This research will make use of case study methodology.
8 Pages(2000 words)Dissertation
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Dissertation on topic Gastroschisis and pain relief during silo reduction:effectiveness of Midazolam versus Paracetamol and Sucrose for FREE!