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Schizophrenia - Research Paper Example

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Schizophrenia Name: University: Introduction Schizophrenia is a disabling medical condition that Eugen Bleuler originally made up in the year 1911. It makes the patient exhibit altered behaviors, emotions, perceptions and thoughts (Tsuang, Faraone and Glatt 2011)…
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Schizophrenia
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Download file to see previous pages Essentially, schizophrenia brings major transformations in the patient’s social and psychological functioning, which are generally, enduring or sporadic. In some patients, these changes can occasionally be transient (Birchwood, Birchwood and Jackson, 2001). This mental disorder is accountable for much of the populace's morbidity since it is a regularly immobilizing disorder. It has an annual rate of recurrence of 18 to 20 cases for every 100,000 and its climax age of commencing is different in both women men and (Gilmore, 2010). Schizophrenia normally begins between the late adolescence and the mid-30s, but commencement prior to adolescence is not common (Long, 2009). Podosyan (2009) specifically points out that for men; the typical commencement age is in the late 20s while for women, it is in the early 20s. He further explains that later on in life, women are more likely to have a “first break” and as a result, around one third of them have a commencement of ill health after the age of thirty. Amongst the minor socio-economic groups, the condition is diagnosed disproportionately. Schizophrenia can also commence later in life for example after the age of age forty-five years, although this is not frequent. The disorder generally starts gradually with a pre-psychotic stage of increasing negative symptoms such as explosions of anger, bad hygiene and cleanup, loss of concern in work or in school, strange behavior and social withdrawal. After a few months or years later, a psychotic phase ensues some with delusions, illusions, or disgustingly muddled behavior and speech. Individuals in whom schizophrenia begins in the later years of their 20's or 30's exhibit less evidence of cognitive damage or structural brain irregularities. Moreover, they display a better result and in most cases, women. Typically, this mental disorder persists regularly/constantly or for a lifetime. It is not usual for the patient to return to full normal functioning. In fact, some affected people display a continual worsening connected with brutal disability, yet other patients appear to have a steady course (Long, 2009). Tsuang and his co-authors (2011) further point to the fact that to the patients, the society, as well as the concerned families this mental disorder has innumerable consequences. The affected individual may exhibit several disruptions in their emotions, behaviors, normal thought processes, ability to see, hear, as well as to process information from their surrounding environment. The disturbance of such basic aspects of life can be crippling for the affected individuals and it can culminate into a years of sporadic hospitalizations, incapability, in addition to an interruption of household as well as social relationships springing from the lack of the patient’s ability to communicate and isolation, which may interchange with short episodes of unruly conduct. The stigma that comes with mental illnesses and the strain of taking care of a mentally ill member of one’s family can aggravate the withdrawal of a patient suffering from schizophrenia (Tsuang, Faraone and Glatt, 2011). Causes of schizophrenia The causative factors for schizophrenia are extensively said to have a neurobiological base. A major theory that explains its cause is the dopamine hypothesis. According to this theory, hyperactivity in the dopaminergic pathways of an individual’s brain causes schizophrenia. This theory agrees with ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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