This research paper dwells upon the environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure or Secondhand Smoke. The exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) or secondhand smoke is the third leading preventable cause of illness and death in United States…
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This research paper examines the environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), also known as secondhand smoke, involuntary smoking, or passive smoke. It is a collective mixture of the smoke given off by cigarettes, pipe, or cigars, and the smoke exhaled from smokers. This mixture contains more than 4,000 substances, including 250 known carcinogens, which are known to cause damage to human health. The effects of exposure to ETS on children have become a major focus of concern. Children have been recognized as a susceptible subpopulation to the effects of ETS since the developing lung is especially vulnerable to ETS. The World Health Organization has estimated that almost half of the children in the world are vulnerable to exposure from environmental tobacco smoke. For children, the home environment is the predominant place for exposure to ETS. Throughout the epidemiological literature, the presence of smokers in the home has been utilized as an estimate of the risk of being exposed to ETS. In the United States, the number of children living in homes with a smoker has been estimated to be about 43%, with specific states ranging from 12% to 34%. While parental smoking is the main source of ETS exposure for children other family members, caregivers, or visitors may also smoke in the home. Reduction of ETS exposure could take two courses. First, the most effective way to reduce ETS exposure among children would be to have tobacco users who smoke around children to completely quit. While this has been accomplished with parents of children in an outpatient clinic setting of a hospital (Winickoff et at, 140), smoking cessation may not be the most realistic method to reduce ETS exposure in a pediatric cancer population. A second method for reducing ETS exposure would be to encourage parents and others to control their smoking around children. While research suggest that these measures (i.e. smoking in another room, and using an air purifier) are not as effective as smoking cessation, these measures may be more appealing to parents who may blame themselves for their child's diagnosis, given the suggested causal relationship between ETS and childhood cancer (Kelishadi et al. 208-211). While not equally effective, these measures might be easier and more accepted among parents; thereby, the utilization would be broader and more effective in the end. Furthermore, smoking cessation appears to be an indirect effect of ETS reduction interventions. Studies have found that programs that target ETS reduction result in a significant number of parents who reduce the ETS
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Secondhand smoke is a complicated mixture of gases and particles and involves smoke from pipe tobacco and cigarettes (Friedmann 39). Secondhand smoke results in thousands of deaths from coronary heart disease and lung cancer every year. It is particularly dangerous to children and has been found out as a major source of health disorders, such as respiratory diseases, among children (Leader para 6-12).
.......22 Conclusion 23 Recommendations 23 Shortcomings……………………………………………………………………24 References 25 Appendix A 27 Appendix B 27 Acknowledgement Completing this dissertation would have been impossible without the support of several people.
This technique is practiced by the insertion of hair thin needles through the skin at several strategic points of the body (Mediline plus).
This ancient technique was practice of the Chinese people to relieve pain. Acupuncture is an effective technique. It helps
Exposure of children to smoke exposes them to various forms of dangers which include smoke related diseases. The interventions would be focused on three major approaches through which children become exposed to secondhand smoke.
Smoke remains the largest cause of
Exposure of children to smokes exposes them to various forms of dangers which include smoke related diseases. The interventions would be focused on three major approaches through which children become exposed to second hand smoke.
Smoke remains the largest cause of
It is composed of a mixture of two major components, mainstream smoke and sidestream smoke. Mainstream smoke is the smoke that is actively exhaled by the smoker while sidestream smoke is that which comes from the burning tip of the tobacco stick itself.
There is a misguided
The author’s core research methodology entails a review of past interventions based on reducing the exposure of secondhand smoke on children. Through getting insight from parents on how the implemented measures worked out, the
Besides, apart from pin pointing that second hand smoke is harmful to arterial health (≥1.7 ng/ml), the report also highlights the importance of working towards ensuring that there is reduction in the amounts of second hand
The secondhand smoke is known to contain almost 7,000 chemicals which are known to harm the health of children and other people who breathe it in (Harutyunyan, Movsisyan, Petrosyan, Petrosyan, & Stillman,