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Alternatives to prison: punishment in the community - Literature review Example

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Alternatives to prison: punishment in the community I. Functions and purposes of alternative prisons and how they are achieved In the past years, prison population is exponentially increasing and this has posed considerable financial concerns for the government…
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Alternatives to prison: punishment in the community
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Download file to see previous pages Imprisonment has several objectives. It places under control offenders before their guilt or innocence is proved beyond reasonable doubt. When proven guilty, it punishes them by taking away their liberty after conviction, this will prevent them from committing the same crime and at the same time, in theory, imprisonment is supposed to rehabilitate them (Custodial and Non-custodial Measures: Alternatives to Incarceration, 2006). Rehabilitation, an alternative purpose of imprisonment is said to attend to the underlying reasons that lead people to commit transgressions and by focusing on these factors will decrease the possibility of committing the same offence. On the practical purview, it is said that the purpose of imprisonment is highly reductivist in nature and it endeavors to reduce the frequency of crime. In the more primordial level, imprisonment sustains the facade of public safety and order (04). Nevertheless, this is precisely an important goal of imprisonment that it has failed to fulfil. There has been an ample amount of substantiation showing the contrary. Imprisonment and its presumed rehabilitation effects do not at all rehabilitate offenders rather they criminalize an individual more and thus continuing the cycle of crime imprisonment should have put an end into; and worse, the increase in criminal offences squeezes prisons to date (Custodial and Non-custodial Measures: Alternatives to Incarceration, 2006). Movements that sought to totally eliminate crimes failed to balance this with the concept of reforming the criminal. At this perspective, it can be view that societies have opted to punish these felons rather than transforming them into better individuals. Resources are therefore invested into building prisons than to initiate programs that will diminish the needs of these prisons (04). Chiefly for the reason that there has been overcrowding in many prisons not only in UK and around the world as well, numerous jurisdictions has been exploring substitute methods to respond to crime (04). As early as 1980, in order to act in response to this difficulty, government came up with intermediate sanctions. These intermediate sanctions were supposedly designed to slowly eliminate overcrowding in penitentiaries, further promote public safety and order and ultimately cutting the cost of prison maintenance (04). The institution of alternatives to imprisonment is not focused solely to put an end to the problems of overcrowding in prison. Revisions on how crimes are being approached and handled are also primary concerns. Restorative justice and reintegration are major modification pit stops. Along with sufficient support to criminals and law violators, it opens the doors for these individuals to live a better life without the need of going back to their criminal lifestyle – this is long-term benefit towards a more secured society. But the promotion of alternatives to incarceration is more than just a stroll in the park. There are innumerable factors and variables that need deliberation. In addition, the psyche of the people on their portrait of a strong state that is able to maintain public security lies heavily on the number of criminals being incarcerated (01). Prisons, as physical structures, dominate the consciousness of the public of a fierce criminal system. II. Community-based alternatives There are variable definitions of community-based punishment alternatives and usually, ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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