quora
Nobody downloaded yet

To what extent have Standard Charges improved the practice of planning obligations in the United Kingdom - Literature review Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
To what extent have Standard Charges improved the practice of planning obligations in the United Kingdom? 1. Introduction The appearance of Standard Charges, as an approach of the planning obligations practice, is rather recent; however, the roots of this approach can be identified in earlier legislative texts, as for instance the standard revenue established through the 1921 Act - related to railways (Haywood 2009, 42)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.5% of users find it useful
To what extent have Standard Charges improved the practice of planning obligations in the United Kingdom
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"To what extent have Standard Charges improved the practice of planning obligations in the United Kingdom"

Download file to see previous pages The most common form of Standard Charge in relation to planning is the, so called, ‘roof-tax’, which is a tariff imposed ‘on development’ (Syms 2010, p.206). Despite the initial concerns regarding the role and the value of Standard Charges, it has been proved that the specific measure could help towards the improvement of planning obligations in Britain. The ways in which the above target is achieved are analytically explained in this paper; reference is made to the potential differentiation of Standard Charges from other, similar, approaches of planning obligations practice, such as the negotiated approach. 2. Critical review of planning obligations practice The framework of the planning obligations practice in Britain has been extensively examined in the literature; the contribution of these obligations in community development has been considered as one of the most important causes of this phenomenon. However, the emphasis on the planning obligations practice has been also related to various political interests, as analytically explained below. ...
In accordance with Ratcliffe et al (2009) in their initial form, planning obligations were considered as ‘land-use/ amenity – related gains and social/ economic – related gains (Debenham et al. 1988 in Ratcliffe et al. 2009, p. 16). Another characteristic of planning obligations system in Britain is that the specific system is based ‘upon negotiation and bargaining’ (Ratcliffe et al 2009, p.16). It is assumed that planning obligations system is not fully standardized, but it can be rather transformed and customized in accordance with the needs of each particular case. In this context, flexibility is an additional characteristic of planning obligations system; it is this characteristic, which can result to problems for the effective operation of the specific system, a gap that is covered through Standard Charges, as they are analytically explained below. The planning obligations practice in Britain has to address a series of issues, the most important of which is the demand for increase of development across the country. In a report published by the House of Commons in 2006 reference is made to the need for urban development in the greater London area (House of Commons, 2006, p.198); furthermore, it is explained that the planning obligations practice could help the efforts of the London borough – and the Councils of the surrounding boroughs also – to support land development across London so that the housing needs of the local population to be covered. In the above context, it is made clear that the planning obligations system in London ‘should ensure that increases in value are captured and used to support infrastructure investment to maximize capacity and sustainability’ (House of Commons 2006, p.198). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“To what extent have Standard Charges improved the practice of planning Literature review”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1408999-to-what-extent-have-standard-charges-improved-the
(To What Extent Have Standard Charges Improved the Practice of Planning Literature Review)
https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1408999-to-what-extent-have-standard-charges-improved-the.
“To What Extent Have Standard Charges Improved the Practice of Planning Literature Review”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/gender-sexual-studies/1408999-to-what-extent-have-standard-charges-improved-the.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Nissan United Kingdom Ltd
The same year Bortner traveled to Japan to sign a distributorship agreement between Nissan M.C that saw Nissan U.K become the sole distributor of Nissan models in the Great Britain. Through a new marketing approach, it was able to register high sales and surpass its Japan rivals, Toyota and Honda.
4 Pages(1250 words)Case Study
The Underlying Causes of Women Empowerment as in a Management Level across the past decade in the United Kingdom
The status of women in all walks of life is considerably better compared to half a century ago. Laws and regulations are in place to make sure that organizations and businesses treat women as men’s equal when it comes to pay scale, respect, appraisals etc.
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
Based on clinical practice scenario (wound care), discuss the extent to which evidence based practice was utilised, including re
Wound care is part of the healing process which involves the different responses to injury for the wound and the processes which facilitate wound healing, including the following activities: stop bleeding, preventing infection, and promote healing (Durkin, 2011).
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review
Insurance policy for Conference and Events Industry: a comparison between United Kingdom and Greece
Millions of people attend public events and conferences, to expand their knowledge and establish personal and professional contacts. The events
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review
A comparison of wine cultures between United Kingdom and Hong Kong citizens
“Wine is as old as the world, yet it never ceased to amaze” (Borislavov 2004, p. 1). Today, wine still continues to amaze and challenge science due to its mysteriousness and nobility in nature (Borislavov 2004). According to Sidali, Spiller, and
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review
Role of Parents in Childhood Obesity in the United Kingdom (C3 & C4)
The rationale for this study was that by clearly identifying the role of parents in this problem, it would be possible to apply cost-effective measures
10 Pages(2500 words)Literature review
A CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF THE LITERATURE EXPLORING NURSING MANAGMENT OF PATIENTS WITH PSYCHOSIS WHO ENGAGE WITH SUBSTANCE MISUSE WITHIN MENTAL HEALTH SETTING IN THE UNITED KINGDOM (UK)
She was also experiencing auditory and visual hallucinations and had intense feelings of persecution. Upon hospital admission, her blood pressure, pulse and temperature were 145/82 mmHg, 83 bpm and 36.5 °C respectively. Complete blood count, liver and renal function tests
11 Pages(2750 words)Literature review
A comparison of wine cultures between United Kingdom and Hong Kong citizens
“Wine is as old as the world, yet it never ceased to amaze” (Borislavov 2004, p. 1). Today, wine still continues to amaze and challenge science due to its mysteriousness and nobility in nature (Borislavov 2004). According to Sidali, Spiller, and
9 Pages(2250 words)Literature review
Comparing Parental attitudes towards children's sleep in united kingdom and Iran
For instance, a past survey of American parents revealed that 25 per cent of children had insufficient sleep based on the National Sleep Foundation recommendation (Jones, Owens & Pham, 2012). In yet another study of cross-cultural differences
8 Pages(2000 words)Literature review
Enterprise resource planning
Every ERP system must provide access to an effective integrated marketplace and facilitate a reliable infrastructure. Often the best practices for ERP incorporation are ignored, leading to catastrophic results and bankruptcy. Implementing the correct measures and selections will help in the correct use of ERPs and manage operations without disturbances and time lag.
12 Pages(3000 words)Literature review
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Literature review on topic To what extent have Standard Charges improved the practice of planning obligations in the United Kingdom for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us