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Project management practices in Mega Projects at Jeddah City Municipality: challenges, difficulties and recommendations - Dissertation Example

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Section 7: Literature Review The literature review will define the various theories and ideologies that are set with mega projects. This will consist of looking at the defining factors of a mega project and how this affects those involved in the project management to completion of what is needed…
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Project management practices in Mega Projects at Jeddah City Municipality: challenges, difficulties and recommendations
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Project management practices in Mega Projects at Jeddah City Municipality: challenges, difficulties and recommendations

Download file to see previous pages... The examination will be furthered with how the external environment adds into the risks. The review will then determine the various areas which should be considered with project management of mega projects, including project delay and cost risk analysis, as well as how these link to other forms of risk within a project. By examining the various theories and case studies of project management for mega projects, there is the ability to gain a deeper understanding of the main concerns with these projects. The aim of understanding the main risks as well as the ways in which this could have been prevented for the Jeddah City Municipality can then further be analyzed. The concept of mega projects is one which has been defined specifically because scope of the project is larger. This means that the investment needs to follow the completion of specific goals and there are milestones set, usually with smaller projects that add into the mega project (Altshuler, Luberoff, 2003). The main concept is associated with building larger components within cities which can be used for stabilized growth and alterations within society while creating a stronger set of functions in terms of economy, society and the cultural relationships which are created at a given time frame. The main concept of mega projects began in the 1980s, specifically when many in cities began to note that there were infrastructure problems with the larger cities. Areas such as New York, Amsterdam and China began to invest in larger projects that would secure the structure and change the activities within a given region. Urban projects began to increase during this time by 9%, including projects such as a new airport in Denver, Colorado, rail lines in Los Angeles and a Central Artery in Boston (Altshuler, Luberoff, 2003). Waterways, sports facilities and city centers have been several of the other projects that are facilitated in cities, specifically which have been developed with efforts to change the infrastructure and functions within given cities for better social, political and economic responses (Altshuler, Luberoff, 2003). 7.1 Project Management and Mega Projects The project management is one of the defining factors of mega projects. This is defined because the end goals consist of larger expectations as well as smaller projects or milestones which have to be met for completion of the overall project. When beginning a specific project, there is a structure and organizational process which is first defined. This sets the end goals and organizes individuals which are responsible for the completion of the project. Strategic planning and development is used after individuals understand the main goals and purpose of a given project. The defining of a mega project occurs after this stage, specifically when the scope and definition of the project expands to include different attributes (Maylor, 2010). Performance measurement, organizational goals, research and development of the project process all work together to create the scope of the project. After this stage, there is the ability to identify time lines, economy and other estimates dependent on the size and expectations o the project. These initial stages become the most essential components in determining both the management of the project as well as how the end goals of the project should be defined (Maylor, 2010). The concept of project management is one which is essential to the overall process, completion and value which are created with any type ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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