Literature Review: End of Life, Hospital policies overview - Dissertation Example

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 Literature Review: End of Life Hospital Policies Overview Name Professor Course Date Abstract Background The literature review on the topic is an effort to look for the different ethics, and practices in End of Life (EOL) Care in developed countries and other neighboring Islamic Sharia complying countries of ABU DHABI, UAE to know the gaps in the policies and practices in end-of-life care as relevant to ABU DHABI, UAE…
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Literature Review: End of Life, Hospital policies overview
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Download file to see previous pages Islamic bioethics emphasizes prevention and teaches that the patient must be treated with respect and compassion. Although the support of family and friends is incomparable, in (End of Life) EOL policy, an indispensible public obligation is more than often lacking in majority of countries. It is desirable to have a model to refer to. Nevertheless it seems that there are no official guidelines or universal model to be used as reference. Methods The literature review was carried out by using medical publications, reviews, and Meta Analysis, the USA policies and guidelines for end-of-life care. The publications were mostly concerning the US, and developed countries where there are evidence based studies in this area, besides court rulings and legislations. Keywords: End of Life (EOL); USA hospital policy in EOL care; EOL policies in different countries; Palliative Care; Islamic Sharia; Bioethics; Health Care  Introduction In Islam, bioethical decision-making is based on a framework of values derived from the interpretation of Islamic law that is intimately linked to the broad teachings of the Qur’an and the tradition of the Prophet Muhammad. ...
Palliative care an essential aspect of End-of life (EOL) hospital policies, nevertheless, is not uniformly practiced across the world. There are legislations and the federal court rulings in the USA with regards to EOL care and is quite defined and developed. According to the WHO(2011), “Palliative care as an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing problems associated with life-threatening illness through prevention and relief from suffering by means of early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, and physical, psychosocial, and spiritual care”. A large number of the people who die each year, of terminal disease and, old age, do not have access to End-of Life (EOL) care or policies that could ease their suffering during final days of life particularly in developing and not so developed countries. The importance of addressing the needs of dying persons has been felt for decades (Kubler-Ross, 1973). Dying persons encounter unique emotional and physical challenges that are associated with dying process, support of love ones is considered irreplaceable, however, EOL care/policy is an important public obligation ( Wilson and Ross Kerr 1998). Clinical ethical dilemmas have become quite difficult due to advances in life-sustaining interventions, an aging society, cultural diversity, and other commercial issues. According to Jonsen et al (2002) clinical ethical dilemmas should be reviewed by considering: (1) medical indications, (2) patient preferences, (3) quality of life, and (4) contextual features. End of Care Issues and Policies Palliative care is not enough: psychological, social, emotional and spiritual suffering have to be also ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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