Download file to see previous pages...
The countries of the world, especially those who preach against the very factors that drive refugees out of their homes, is expected to open their communities and societies in order to receive these poor souls. But the fact is that some of them refuse accepting immigrants or impose restrictions on refugees. For the purposes of this paper, several countries would be cited in order to provide a picture about sorry state of policies governing refugees. The first of these is Australia. The country has a number of codes and legal guarantees for the acceptance of refugees. For instance, there is the Section 91R of the Migration Act of 1958, which identifies the requirements for an immigrant that should be accepted because he or she is a refugee. In a specific case that is already part of the Australian jurisprudence, Applicant A v MIIEA, it was held that "as long as the discrimination constitutes persecution and is inflicted for a Convention reason, the person will qualify as a refugee." (Bagaric and Vrachnas 2006, 296) However, recent events demonstrate a different reality with regards to the Australian refugee policy. In 2001, hundreds of Afghans and Iraqis being persecuted at home and hoping for sanctuary in Australia were met with Australian warships effectively sending them to Indonesia, where they languished for weeks with uncertain future, having no country of their own (Timberlake 2001). Recently, 430 Sri Lankan and Pakistani refugees also suffered the same faith when Australia refused to accept them after they were rescued by a Norwegian cargo ship (Mail Online 2011). The fact is that Australia has been enforcing tougher immigration policy and could be found discriminating against refugees, particularly boat people, even though they fit the profile of those persecuted individuals that the country ideally welcomes with open arms. According to Sidoti, the National spokesperson of Human Rights Council of Australia: The most recent refugee arrivals in Australia have been predominantly from Afghanistan and Iraq and they have been predominantly Muslim. They have experienced discrimination on these bases along with other Muslim and Middle Eastern residents of Australia. The NSW Police Commissioner recently reported a great increase of attacks on Muslim or Middles Eastern residents of the state since the Bali bombing on 12 October... They have also included stones thrown through the windows of the homes and shops of Muslims (2002).. The same can also be said about the United Kingdom. This country has a long anti-immigration history. For example, the Merchant Shipping Act of 1906 introduced a language test for those signing in British ships in the UK, meaning to discriminate against all non-white sailors. (Shah 2000) It was only after the 1980s when the UK government started to encourage plurality. It was a gradual process that has been characterized by community resentments and race riots, considering the way the British see immigrants as foreign and alien. Today, the country's immigration and refugee policies are characterized by a particular aversion to non-white applicants and is still reminiscent of the Merchant Shipping Act by mandating English proficiency, along with other stringent requirement for all immigrants designed to weed out undesirable races. By 1990s, the UK has accumulated a series of measures that strengthened immigration controls, especially those that made it more difficult for asylum seekers to enter the country by imposing visa requirements on the countries from which asylum seekers came and imposing a duty on carriers to ensure that only
...Download file to see next pagesRead More
“A refugee is a person who is outside his country of origin and fearful of returning home because of a well-founded fear of persecution based on race, religion, identity, membership of a particular social group or political opinion”. The term 'refugee' therefore refers to a situation where a person has been forced to flee to another country or is forced to remain in another country and not return home because of some situations in his home country that makes it impossible to return to his home country.
Because of this, examining graduation rates is an effective way of determining how effective the school system is being, and it can also provide key evidence concerning whether school is equally effective for all students, or whether there are demographic differences (Swanson, 2004).
A refugee is considered to be an individual residing in a foreign country, generally to escape persecution against them in their homeland or country of origin. The reason behind this fact might be identified in terms that they have encountered maltreatment on account of race, religion and political opinion or owing to the fact that they belong to the member of the persecuted ‘social group’.
Refugees are persons outside their country of origin or country of habitual residence after suffering persecution on such accounts as race, political opinion, nationality, religion, or because of being a member of some persecuted 'social group (Leach & Mansoure, 2003) .
The term refugee refers to an individual who has been forced to leave his country of origin because of violence, war, protection or political danger (The UN Refugee Agency, n.p). The process of granting asylum to individuals who are under threat has been ongoing for the many decades.
The emergence of globalization enhanced cross border trade which in turn intensified the need for labors. In order to meet the growing labor needs, nations liberalized their immigration policies. Evidently, this situation contributed to a rise in the number of undocumented immigrants.
The Palestinian refugees refers to those Arabs and Jews who were displaced from Palestinian territory between 1946 and 1948 when the nation of Israel was being formed and had Jews from different parts of the world migrating into the now Israel territory. Many of the inhabitants of the place were Arabs and migrated to the West Bank and Gaza strip as others moved to Lebanon, Syria and Jordan.
These new practices include stricter border enforcement, detention of law breaking asylum seekers, and the introduction of expedited first instance determination processes. The strict rules aim at minimizing the number of people on grounds of seeking
The report shows that social language is instrumental in facilitating academic interactions between students (Brown, Miller, & Jane, 2006). In addition, limited proficiency and lack of confidence regarding these education language concepts act as considerable obstacles in refugees’ academic journeys.
5 Pages(1250 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Refugees and Races for FREE!