Nobody downloaded yet

Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations - Research Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Childhood Vaccination: Advantages and Disadvantages Introduction Vaccination, also called as immunization, is a method in which specific protection is provided against common and dangerous pathogenic organisms by stimulating the immune system to produce antibodies or T cells against the pathogenic organisms or the toxins of the organism, so that infection due to the organism does not manifest as a disease (Ghaffar and Haqqi, Microbiology and Immunology On-line)…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91% of users find it useful
Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations"

Download file to see previous pages From then on, several vaccines have been developed which have helped in the control of several infectious diseases. During vaccination, an antigenic material is introduced into the body that evokes immune response to the host similar to the one that occurs when the infectious agent enters the body. Thus, when the individual is presented with the concerned pathogen, the already present immune response prevents the pathogen from either entering the body or evoking a disease process of both (Shah, Nitin and Kukrej, 2007). The antigens introduced for vaccination purpose either resemble the pathogen against which the immune response is expected, or are non-viable or attenuated forms of the pathogen. Since the time of introduction of vaccines, several diseases have been able to be controlled. Small pox could be eradicated mainly because of vaccination. However, vaccination is still a debated topic in several corners, eliciting medical, religious, political and ethical implications. Vaccination is associated with several disadvantages too because of which, many researchers often wonder if vaccination is necessary for mankind. In this essay, the advantages and disadvantages of vaccination will be discussed through review of suitable literature. Benefits of vaccination Vaccines mainly act by eliciting immunity against a particular disease. There are basically 2 types of immunity and they are innate and acquired. While the former develops after actual exposure to the disease, acquired develops following exposure to vaccination and this may be passive or active. Passive immunity occurs when the antibodies against a particular organism are directly injected into the body. Active immunity develops when antibodies are produced by the individual itself after providing an antigenic stimulus. While passive immunity offers short-term protection, active immunity renders long term protection. Examples of passive immunity are administration of anti-rabies serum following exposure to rabies. The vaccinations given in the immunisation schedules are examples of active immunity. Depending on the which type of T-lymphocyte series which are stimulated, the immune response can be humoral, cell mediated or both. Each vaccine is given at a distinct time, dose and schedule. The timing of any vaccine is based on susceptibility to the disease, presence of maternal antibodies and reactogenecity. Thus oral polio vaccine, hepatitis B and BCG vaccines are given at birth, because of lack of maternal immunity to diseases protected by the vaccines, tuberculosis, Hepatitis B infection and Polio. Diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus are given in early childhood in order to provide maximum reactogenecity and effective protection against these diseases (Shah, p.14). The advantages of childhood vaccinations are innumerous and it is because of these advantages that most countries in the world have adopted vaccination as a main strategy to prevent childhood diseases in their public health policies. There is no doubt that vaccination is the best strategy to prevent certain types of infectious diseases in newborns, infants, children and even adults who are vulnerable to some diseases. In some cases, despite vaccination, disease due to the pathogen may manifest. In these cases, the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1415113-childhood-immunizations-and-vaccinations
(Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations Research Paper)
https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1415113-childhood-immunizations-and-vaccinations.
“Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/family-consumer-science/1415113-childhood-immunizations-and-vaccinations.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
CHECK THESE SAMPLES - THEY ALSO FIT YOUR TOPIC
Childhood Immunizations
...Childhood Immunizations Childhood immunizations is a topic of great debate these days as many parents are opting out of getting their children vaccinated due to fears that their children might become susceptible to lethal symptoms. In the medical world it is believed that newborn children are more susceptible to diseases which are otherwise uncommon in adults because of their enhanced immunity and this is the primary reason that children are advised to be immunized against certain common diseases. Vaccines have been developed with special care such that the bacteria which causes the disease is killed and...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Childhood Vaccinations
...Introduction I have observed a long withstanding controversy on the mandatory childhood vaccinations and the optional vaccinations. Mandatory vaccinations are vaccinations that are given to the children involuntarily as a set rule and also regulation by the health sector. On the other hand the optional vaccinations are available for every child on based on the parent's preferences. The optional vaccinations are not made mandatory to every child but they concerned parties are further given the liberty to choose on what they like and prefer best. On my part I would support the mandatory vaccinations since in the past they have had positive effects on the health of the children and if the vaccinations would be made optional most... of the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay
Childhood Vaccinations Are they really needed
...in relation to possible usefulness or harmfulness of the childhood vaccination. Flanders (2000), states the two examples of child's deaths which are connected with vaccination and non-vaccination. According to her article, one of the girls died of Hepatitis B, which kills about 5,000 thousand people in the US each year and the other died after being vaccinated against polio. The main question, asked by Flanders (2000), is whether it should be obligatory to go through childhood vaccination, or should parents be able to refuse from immunization 'to avoid rare, but sometimes, serious, reactions' Allen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
Childhood Vaccinations
...question is whether it should be obligatory to go through childhood vaccination, or should parents be able to refuse from immunization 'to avoid rare, but sometimes, serious, reactions?' (Flanders, 2000). Allen (2002) speaks about Federal laws and Exemptions which touch the problem of vaccination. All sides of this debate have the same concerns at heart. They all want children to be healthy and protected. It's just the ways to achieve this goal that are contentious. The fact that vaccines prevent a huge number of illnesses, but have some side effects, makes for a difficult policy question, but not one that hasn't been solved in other areas (Allen...
6 Pages(1500 words)Term Paper
Vaccinations
...Vaccinations Vaccinations • Why do vaccinations, such as the flu shot, not provide protection to a person for his or her entire lifetime? Vaccination refers to the administration of antigens aimed at stimulating the immune system of an individual against diseases. In other words, vaccination boosts the body’s immune system. Through vaccination, the body builds an immune response to pathogens. A vaccine therefore enables the body to detect pathogens and buid antibodies to fight against them. However, the protection does not last a life-time. Whilst...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Mandatory vaccinations
...it medicine’s greatest achievement while, on the other hand, concerned professionals and parents believe the application and theory of this policy is flawed and are not willing to comply with this goal. This paper seeks to argue that vaccinations should not be mandatory because it violates the rights of parents, it could be dangerous to the health of many children, and some are just plain unnecessary. Mandatory vaccinations are controversial for a number of reasons. First, they deprive the rights of parents to choose. Although there is no consent required by federal guidelines before vaccination, 1986’s Childhood Vaccine Injury Act requires doctors to...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay
Childhood Immunizations
...Childhood Immunizations Affiliation: Public health is a critical factor in the societal setting. Many health-based governmental and non-governmental agencies strive to ensure that public health is effectively and efficiently maintained (Dayer-Berenson, 2010). In this respect, immunizations become fundamental to account for especially in childhood. Players in the health sector play a very essential role as far infancy through adulthood immunizations are concerned. In particular, the contribution and impact of nurses has been increasingly realized in immunization-related practices. The nursing fraternity has increasingly created awareness...
1 Pages(250 words)Research Paper
Childhood vaccinations
..., another polio sufferer writes, “I found it very frustrating to have an active mind in a permanently disabled body” (Gillan 1). Many individuals suffer from completely preventable diseases that could have been avoided if they were vaccinated in childhood. The very fact that a disease as preventable as polio was allowed to ruin so many lives makes it unbearable. Despite the awareness on immunizations and vaccinations, the multi-million dollar investments made by governments on vaccinations, the free camps and vaccination drives organized every day, there are many who fail to get their children immunized or are too scared...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Childhood vaccinations
...writes, “I found it very frustrating to have an active mind in a permanently disabled body” (Gillan 1). Many individuals suffer from completely preventable diseases that could have been avoided if they were vaccinated in childhood. The very fact that a disease as preventable as polio was allowed to ruin so many lives makes it unbearable. Despite the awareness on immunizations and vaccinations, the multi-million dollar investments made by governments on vaccinations, the free camps and vaccination drives organized every day, there are many who fail to get their children immunized or are too scared to do so. Thesis...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Childhood Vaccinations and Immunizations
...Childhood Vaccinations and Immunizations No one can ever want their children to get sick if there is something they would have done to prevent the sickness. Childhood Vaccinations and Immunizations is a way through which parents keep their children safe from some diseases. When children are vaccinated against certain diseases, their bodies are given the ability to create more antibodies that help in fighting attacks by the disease that the children are vaccinated against. Vaccines are usually more effective if given to children at a certain age. For instance, measles vaccine should not be given to a child under the age of one year. The importance of vaccination can never be down played given the fact that it has been effective... in...
7 Pages(1750 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Childhood Immunizations and Vaccinations for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us