Juvenile Delinquency and Drugs Abstract Juvenile delinquency is a major public challenge in most countries of the world and has several contributing factors to it, one of which is drug abuse. Addiction to drugs among youngsters instigates criminal violence for several reasons including acute euphoric effects, economic related strikes and legal-illegal battles…
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Research statement Is there an association between drugs and juvenile delinquency? Introduction Criminal behavior and delinquency among young people as they transit from childhood to adulthood is rising and is currently a public challenge in most countries in the world. Experts opine that such a problem has soared because of collapsing social relations that lay a basic foundation for smooth transition. Factors contributing to this challenge are extended maturity gap, restructuring of the labor market and limited opportunities for turning into an independent adult. Other factors include rapid growth of population, unavailability of support and housing services, unemployment, overcrowding, family disintegration, poverty, ineffective educational systems, child abuse, decline in local authorities and underemployment (World Youth Report, 2003). Due to these and several other factors, more and more young people are getting involved in illegal activities, criminal offenses and drug abuse. Juvenile delinquency and drug abuse are strongly interlinked. ...
Methodology In order to retrieve useful articles for research in this topic, the electronic database used was “Google Scholar”. The words “juvenile delinquency” and “drugs” were typed in the search brackets. For more wider search, “criminal behavior” and “drugs” also were typed in another search. Several articles were displayed in the search result. After going through the abstracts, 3 articles were selected for the purpose of research review. Based on these, the following review was prepared. The articles retrieved are provided under the reference section. Literature review Substance abuse in young people can lead to several problems like anti-social attitudes, juvenile delinquency and health problems. The problems not only affect the young individual, but also the community, family and the society of the individual (World Youth Report, 2003). There is enough evidence to suggest that earlier the drug use is initiated, more likely is the individual to develop drug related problems in life. According to the Monitoring Future Study of 2008, "19.6% of eighth graders, 34.1% of tenth graders, and 47.4% of twelfth graders use any illicit drug within their lifetimes." Thus, the soaring rise of drug abuse among youngsters has contributed to increased anti-social attitudes, criminal behavior and delinquency in this population. According to the Uniform Crime Reporting Program of FBI, in 2007, 109,444 individuals under 18 years of age were arrested by various law enforcement agencies. In the year 2004, 1.9 percent of drug arrests made were under 19 years of age. According to the Arrestee Drug Abuse Monitoring
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In addition, they deal with stigma, harassment threat and violence due to their sexual orientation. Shocking statistics show that 31% of gay youth have faced threat and have been injured in the last one year (Bureau of Justice Statistics Datasets, 2012). As the number of LGBT community increases every day, the society needs to be enlightened on their rights.
Juvenile delinquency has been attributed to multiple sources such as single parent families or mental illness, but do not provide definitive clues in strategies for reducing or preventing juvenile delinquency. ‘Absence of role models and lack of community involvement appear to be related to juvenile delinquency.
Since the early 1980s, many faultfinders of these laws have sought to end this justice system, purporting that it has not succeeded in its rehabilitation duties as well as failing to give any penalty to serious juvenile offenders. However, supporters of juvenile justice system argue most of the juveniles, the present system has the capacity of solving most of their problems and defend that a small clique of errant children who have committed serious crimes and have not experience the Juvenile Justice System should not send the public into outcry about the ineffectiveness of the system (Bernard, 1992).
Risk factors and effective means of combating the menace will also be analyzed. Juvenile Drug Use Introduction The issue of drugs and the juvenile has been a heated debate for the past decades. Much concern has been on the relationship between juvenile and drugs.
While the legal age in the United States is 18 years of age, many offenders under this age are involved in a wide range of crimes that amount to delinquency. The high incidence of delinquency in the United States is taunting, which prompts the need to prevent and reduce the incidence rates.
The author’s of this study look at correlations that exist between victimized as an adolescent and becoming a juvenile delinquent. The findings indicate that since delinquent youth engage in risky activities, they are likely to become victims of crimes themselves.
hildren, the modern sociological, criminological, and psychological perspectives have suggested that behind development of juvenile delinquency, the socio-cultural traits and economic conditions have got most crucial role to play. On most of the occasions, the society aims at
Child neglect had the highest cases, followed by physical abuse, sexual abuse, and emotional abuse. Although physical abuse of children is the leading killer with at least four children dying per day, child abuse is
Following the incidence, prosecutors filed fitness claims so that he could be charged in an adult criminal court for an attempt to murder. The charge could have seen him serve a sentence of 15 years. However, after a lengthy discussion with his family, Shawn pleaded guilty to the charges so that the juvenile system could punish him.
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